Weimar was a centre for German intellectual life long before Goethe and Schiller's day. Indeed, Martin Luther was much taken with the town on the river Ilm.
Luther was in Weimar at least twelve times between 1518 and 1540 and preached to the people of the town on several occasions. At the late-Gothic Church of St. Peter and St. Paul you can still see the pulpit from which Luther delivered his new teachings. There is also a winged altar, which was begun by Luther's close friend Lucas Cranach the Elder. It depicts, among other things, Luther holding an open Bible.
The portrait of Martin Luther as 'Squire George' is on display at the Cranach Gallery in Weimar Palace, which is part of the Classical Weimar UNESCO World Heritage site.
Weimar boasts two UNESCO World Heritage sites. The first, Classical Weimar, highlights the town's role as an intellectual centre in the 18th and 19th centuries and includes Goethe's House, Schiller's House and the Duchess Anna Amalia Library with its famous rococo hall.
The second is Bauhaus and its sites, which includes the Bauhaus University, the former School of Arts and Crafts and the 'Haus am Horn' model house.