Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
The Bamberg Symphony Orchestra was founded in 1946 by war refugees, among them former orchestral musicians from Prague. Joseph Keilberth, who had himself worked in Prague, became the orchestra's first chief conductor. From the inaugural concert onwards, he set a musical standard that far exceeded expectations in a town of only 70,000 people. The orchestra gave its first performance abroad in 1949, was invited to perform in the USA in 1954 and to date has over 100 concerts in Japan to its name.
Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
Founded in 1949, the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra has been named one of the world's finest orchestras on several occasions. It owes much of its reputation to the Musica Viva contemporary music festival founded by K.A. Hartmann and innumerable first performances of new works. High-profile chief conductors such as Eugen Jochum, Rafael Kubelik, Sir Colin Davis, Lorin Maazel and the current incumbent Mariss Jansons have always guaranteed music of the highest quality.
Hessen Radio Symphony Orchestra
The Frankfurt Radio Orchestra, which later became the Hessen Radio Symphony Orchestra, was established in 1929. Even in the early days, it was strongly committed to contemporary music, giving the first performance of works by Hindemith, Weill, Schoenberg, Strauss and Bartók, and resolutely continuing this tradition after the Second World War. Thanks to the orchestra's long-serving chief conductor Eliahu Inbal and his current successor Paavo Järvi, the music of Bruckner and Mahler has also been given great prominence in Frankfurt.
Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
The history of the Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra dates back to 1945, when the then American-run Stuttgart Radio acquired its own orchestra. In addition to high-calibre chief conductors such as Sergiu Celibidache, Sir Neville Marriner and Sir Roger Norrington, there have been many famous guest conductors including the composers Stravinsky, Boulez and Penderecki. The Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra regularly performs at the Schwetzingen Festival and has frequently travelled to Asia, its 2010 tour being its ninth visit.