The town of Zeitz is associated with Martin Luther's successors. Indeed, Luther's male descendants all left their mark on the town. In 1542 Luther ordained Nicolaus von Amsdorf as the first Protestant bishop at the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul in Zeitz.
Johann Ernst Luther, a grandson of the great reformer, was married at St. Michael's Church in Zeitz. He and his wife Martha had eight children and established the Zeitz line of the Luther family. His headstone is embedded in the wall of the cloister at the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul. There are still descendants of Martin Luther living in Zeitz today.
In the late 19th century, a copy of Luther's 95 theses dating from 1517 was discovered in the library of St. Michael's Church. It is a rare treasure among the original documents dating from the time of the Reformation.
The cathedral town and former ducal seat of Zeitz is located on the Romanesque Route. The old Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul is particularly worth seeing. The original Romanesque church building was later remodelled in the Gothic style and today forms part of the baroque ensemble of buildings that make up Moritzburg Palace.
A fascinating feature of the town are the many underground passages and vaults that run beneath it. Constructed in Luther's day to store beer and keep it cool, they can be visited nowadays as part of a tour.