探索德国世界遗产主题


在巴登-符腾堡州 (Baden-Württemberg) 的博登湖 (Bodensee) 湖畔有九座湖岸木桩建筑,确切地说,它们分布于上施瓦本地区 (Oberschwaben),奥格斯堡 (Augsburg) 南部以及施坦贝尔格湖 (Starnberger See) 中。 它们与另外 93 个位于法国、意大利、奥地利、瑞士和斯洛文尼亚的发掘现场一起,代表了一项可追溯至 7000 年前的考古成就。

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特里尔 (Trier) 建于公元前 16 年,当时命名为“Augusta Treverorum”,意即奥古斯都大帝的特雷维尔城,是德国最古老的城市,也是历史的一座丰碑。 世界一流的历史古迹、来自于古老岁月的教堂设施和宏伟壮观的罗马遗迹,定会令您在这座摩泽河 (Mosel) 河畔的浪漫小城里流连忘返。

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魏玛 (Weimar) 位于 图林根州 (Thüringen),几个世纪以来都是德国精神文明的中心:这座城市在十九世纪早期经历了鼎盛时期,当时欧洲最著名的三位思想家 - 歌德、席勒和赫尔德同时居住在此。 “古典的魏玛”建筑群至今仍反映出 1800 年左右在启蒙思想影响下的宫廷和市民文化。

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拜罗伊特边疆伯爵歌剧院 (Markgräfliches Opernhaus Bayreuth) 被认为是 18 世纪巴洛克剧院建筑中的扛鼎之作。 歌剧院彩色内饰所彰显的恢宏气势会带给游客巨大的震撼。 这座欧洲现存最美丽的巴洛克剧院由当时最富盛名的剧院建筑师吉塞佩·加利-比比恩纳(Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena) 携其子卡洛 (Carlo) 修建而成。

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在如今的艾斯莱本 (Eisleben) 和路德之城维滕贝格 (Wittenberg),人们依然可以身临其境地感受到大约 500 年前,即宗教改革和近现代开端时的历史氛围。 这两座城市里坐落着众多独一无二的路德纪念建筑,如这位宗教改革家的出生和逝世之所、他曾经居住过的修道院以及他当年张贴 95 条论纲的教堂。

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古罗马界墙 (Limes) 是欧洲最长最壮观的考古遗址,这是古罗马人曾经的边防设施,从莱茵河 (Rhein) 到多瑙河 (Donau) 550 公里的广袤土地上都留下了它的痕迹。 堡垒、哨岗、城墙和寨栅,2,000 年前的世界强国就是这样保卫自己的土地免受“蛮族”侵扰。

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柏林博物馆岛 (Berliner Museumsinsel) 拥有世界上独一无二的建筑群,五座庙宇类建筑呈现出 6,000 年人类历史的珍贵宝物。 1999 年,这里入选联合国教科文组织世界遗产,这说明坐落在柏林历史中心的柏林博物馆岛不光是柏林博物馆届的核心,更是欧洲最大的文化投资项目。

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不莱梅市政厅也许是德国最美的市政厅之一,它华丽的正立面是德国北部威悉文艺复兴风格的典范。 它与不莱梅的“自由雕像”- 罗兰石像一起,时至今日仍代表着不莱梅人对城市、自由和主权的自豪。

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在地图上探索旅游之国德国

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各国游客的其他看法

Kunsthofpassage

1000 e 1 passagem

Em Neustadt tem a Kunsthofphpassage, que é uma passagem incrível. Ela tem vários prédios "temáticos". O azul por exemplo quando chove, a água nos canos vira música. Fora os prédios, ainda tem várias lojas bacanas e cafés charmosos para você aproveitar. #youngDresden #mustsees #shopping #cafés

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Obras incríveis

Albertinum: um museu de arte moderna de 125 anos, que foi reaberto em 2010, após uma reforma de 51 milhões de euros. A coleção de retratos começa com um dos pintores alemães mais românticos, Caspar David Friedrich, e termina com seu artista vivo mais famoso, Gerhard Richter, sendo que ambos passaram a infância em Dresden. Você vai encontrar desde a Bailarina de Degas, a Monet, Manet, Rodin, Van Gogh. A entrada Vista 10€

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Zwinger Palace

O Chateau de Versailles de Dresden

O Zwinger Palace é um dos melhores exemplos da arquitetura barroca tardia na Alemanha. Construído entre 1710 e 1728 pelo arquiteto Pöppelmann, o Palácio Zwinger foi usado para grandes festas e torneios. Hoje, o complexo barroco de pavilhões, galerias e pátios interiores é a casa de grandes museus e obras. A Madonna Sistina de Rafael você encontrará lá. O acervo de Porcelana tambem é belíssimo. O Arsenal também é muito interessante se você curte trajes e armas. Se você não quiser entrar em nenhum museu, vá pelo menos para andar pelos jardins e admirar o "Kronentor", que é o portão com a coroa.

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Asisi Panometer

Deesden : 1945

Setenta anos depois do bombardeio de Dresden, na Segunda Guerra Mundial, um panorama de 360 ​​graus que mostra a cidade destruída foi revelado na cidade. O artista Yadegar Asisi criou uma imagem circular de 100 metros de largura e 30 metros de altura que mostra Dresden após os devastadores ataques aéreos dos aliados. Entre 13-15 fevereiro de 1945, apenas alguns meses antes do fim da guerra, os bombardeiros britânicos e norte-americanos destruíram mais de 90 por cento do centro histórico da cidade, matando cerca de 25.000 pessoas. Mais de 3.900 toneladas de bombas de alto poder explosivo e dispositivos incendiários dizimaram marcos importantes do barroco em uma cidade que é considerada "a Florença do Elba". O panorama, Dresden: 1945, fica aberto de 24 de Janeiro à 31 de maio de 2015, no gasômetro Panometer. http://www.asisi.de/en/panoramas/dresden-1945/photo-gallery.html

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Frauenkirche - Church of Our Lady

A Lady de Dresden

A Igreja da Nossa Senhora de Dresden é um espetáculo de linda. É a igreja que vai te impactar no primeiro minuto que você entrar e ver uma igreja branca, super luminada. Se há um lugar cuja história pode mover-lo às lágrimas, será n'a Igreja de Nossa Senhora. Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, a igreja foi bombardeada e ficou em escombros até 1994, quando um programa de restauração foi iniciado. Hoje, é um lembrete dos dias antes da guerra e um dos lugares que você vai ter uma história imparcial sobre a Segunda Guerra Mundial.

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Christmas Markets in Cologne

Christmas in Germany

Christmas may be over, but 11 months from now the season will be upon us and you should spend 2015 in Germany! Why? The Christmas season is in Germany is like no other. There is no other place in the world where you can experience countless, and famous, Christmas markets that will without a doubt, put you in the holiday spirit. While the markets are open all day, it’s best to visit at night. Many towns across Germany have decorated the streets and market squares with evergreen-lined stalls, twinkling lights and religious (and not so religious) statues to kick off the holiday season as festively as possible. If you are a foreigner in Germany at this time of year, it's difficult to miss home when Germany puts on an excellent show at Christmas time. No matter what German city you are in, you can find families and friends of all ages, walking around shopping for unique and traditional gifts, sipping on mulled wine and indulging in delicious German food. You will hear laughter amongst the Christmas carols that will make you forget about your toes and fingers tingling from the cold temperature at this time of year. It’s truly a traditional delight for all of the senses. No trip to the German Christmas markets is complete without trying a class of glühwein, which is a combinations of red wine, spices and sugar. This traditional drink will keep you cozy and happy. Hungry? No problem! There are many stalls that sell traditional German Christmas Market food and snacks for you to enjoy such as bratwurst, mutzen, schmachtlappen and reibekuchen. In a world where Christmas present shopping consists of the latest technology and thoughtless gift certificates, it’s nice to be able to find traditional hand carved gifts at several stalls. Not to mention, mountains of oranges and nuts, the original gift that St. Nicholas gave to people hundreds of years ago at this time of year. While many countries around the world celebrate Christmas, no other place does it like Germany. So, if you feel that this time of year has been lacking in holiday spirit, take a trip over to this European country and be reminded what Christmas time is all about.

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hopscotchtheglobe@gmail.com

Canadians First Time at a Traditional Co-ed Spa

Visiting a co-ed spa was a foreign concept to me, being born and raised in Canada. Nudity in my culture is reserved for your own home where some have issues looking at themselves in the mirror. The gym change room is another publicly acceptable nude room, many of us have mastered the art of undressing by using a towel without exposing our private parts. My wife, Kristen, and I walked into that spa and let go of our Canadian mentalities. I undressed in the co-ed change room next to a woman in her 60s. She had kind eyes, a warm smile and no knowledge of nude shame as she stripped down without embarrassment. Kristen and I entered the spa, dropped our towels and were liberated, free for all to gaze upon! There were adults of all ages and body type, casually conversing as if being nude was more comfortable than being clothed. I had to constantly remind myself that people are not judgemental of bodies here, something I have never experienced in North America. Nudity is very much a part of the culture here. This German spa was the first place I have experienced harmony and equality among class, age, sex. Nobody knows whether you walked in with an Armani suit or a ripped t-shirt, you are all equal, beautiful and free. I immediately felt unjudged and part of the community. The architecture and decor of the spa was heavenly. Stone tiles lead the way to a large open room with lounging chairs and a marble swimming pool. The ambiance is zen, with only the sound of calm conversations and light background music. Buddha heads, candles, bamboo designs and waterfalls decorate the many rooms with relaxation and beauty. The outdoor rooftop contained hot tubs and saunas to keep you warm and steamy as well as cold pools and a bucket of snow used to cool your body down before jumping back into the hot tub. I left with my body relaxed, my skin clean, and my mind at peace. I learned that the human body is a beautiful gift which should be appreciated and accepted. Nudity is our original state and should be more widely accepted.

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hopscotchtheglobe@gmail.com

Herrenhauser Gärten Grotto

Niki the St.-Phalle at her best

A couple of years ago a very wealthy friend of mine, who owns an work of art by French artist Niki de St.-Phalle, told me included Hannover in a trip to Europe just to see Nikki's art in town. I had totally forgotten this until I came to Hannover and found out that Niki's works are all over the place. There are three Nanas in the Sculpture Mile downtown and an ancient grotto at the Herrenhauser Gardens was redone by Niki, who filled with her Nanas, a colorful Ganesha and a myriad of kaleidoscopic mirrors. Before her death, she donated her private collection to Hannover's Sprengel Museum, and will appear in the new wing due to open late in 2016.

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xongas@gmail.com