“矿藏与建筑”路线

联合国教科文组织世界遗产之旅“矿藏与建筑”路线在所有路线中历史跨度最长。 从工业历史到史前地球的挖掘,一切都栩栩如生地展现在您眼前。 这条旅程还特别为徒步爱好者提供了几处迷人的旅游路线,与不可思议的老城风光和庄严肃穆的宗教古迹形成鲜明对比,糅合成一次难得的整体体验。

路线

您知道全世界哪里的展会场地面积最大吗? 也许是东京? 很遗憾,答错了。 要么是芝加哥?伦敦?或者上海? 也不对。 那是法兰克福? 接近了。 正确答案是:汉诺威 (Hannover)。 现代化的展会场馆设施促使汉诺威成为全球经济的发动机,同时也是理念、创意和投资的风向标。

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由后来的包豪斯 (Bauhaus) 建筑大师沃尔特·格罗佩斯 (Walter Gropius) 和阿道夫·梅耶尔 (Adolf Meyer) 创作于 1911 年的法古斯工厂 (Fagus-Werk) 被誉为现代建筑的开山之作。 它的外立面由玻璃和钢构成,转角处全部镶嵌玻璃,没有任何支撑,这为建筑群赋予了独特的轻盈与优雅,而这些特点也成为法古斯工厂的标志与象征。

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在 汉诺威 (Hannover) 附近的希尔德斯海姆 (Hildesheim) 坐落着圣米歇尔大教堂 (St. Michaelisdom) 和圣母升天大教堂 (Dom St. Mariä Himmelfahrt),它们是早期罗马建筑中的两个经典范例。 这两座教堂建筑反映出神圣罗马帝国宗教艺术的繁盛,主教伯恩瓦尔德 (Bernward) 的创造力在这里得到集中体现,大量举世闻名的古老艺术瑰宝更是增添了教堂神秘的魅力。

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拉默尔斯贝格矿山 (Bergwerk Rammelsberg) 位于美丽老城戈斯拉尔 (Goslar) 边缘地带,是世界上最大的铜、铅和锌综合性矿床,作为早期工业史的见证者,它记录了上下千年的采矿业发展。 这里采矿业的动力源自于上哈尔茨王室水利工程 (Oberharzer Wasserwirtschaft),是全世界最为有名的在工业化前便已形成的矿山水利工程系统。

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美丽的奎德林堡 (Quedlinburg) 是 浪漫之路 上的一座城市,在中世纪时期曾是最重要的国王和皇帝行宫之一。 奎德林堡拥有 1,300 多座公元六世纪的桁架房屋、大量青春艺术风格建筑和历史悠久的城市规划,是一座保存极为完好的中世纪古城。

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Naumburg Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul is regarded as a unique testimonial to medieval architecture and art. It was constructed in 1028 and finally expanded to a double chancel in the 13th century. The special combination of stained glass, architecture and sculpture makes the west choir a fascinating complete work by the Naumburg master mason. Visitors can also admire the famous statue of Uta von Ballenstedt here.

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On 21st June 2014, the former Benedictine monastery of Corvey, in Höxter Westphalia, became the 39th location in Germany to be awarded the UNESCO World Heritage title. And rightly so, because it is an historical art treasure of inestimable value. The former imperial Abbey with its nearly 1,200 year history is regarded as one of the most important monastic foundations in medieval Germany.

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Covering 240 hectares in the north Hessen city of Kassel, baroque Wilhelmshöhe Park is designed in the style of an English landscape garden and is Europe's largest hillside park. Together with Wilhelmshöhe Palace, it forms a unique whole that combines culture, nature and landscape architecture in perfect harmony.

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With more than 40,000 finds to date, the Messel Pit is one of the world's most productive fossil sites, documenting dramatic changes to the biosphere during past geological periods. It reveals the wonders of evolution around 47 million years ago and was designated Germany's first UNESCO World Natural Heritage site in 1995.

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Frankfurt is first and foremost a city of modernity. Business, architecture and Europe's third-largest airport – they're all here and they're all at the cutting edge. Perhaps that's why Frankfurt has grown a particular fondness for museums that vary greatly in terms of size, style and subject matter. The city prides itself on always staying ahead of the times, whilst preserving traditions at the same time.

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