Kaiserburg Castle is Nuremberg's most famous landmark. From the Freiung sanctuary and Sinwellturm tower visitors can enjoy breathtaking views of the old quarter. Other attractions at the castle include the Kaiserburg Museum and the imperial apartments.
In the Middle Ages, the lands that now encompass Germany were part of the Holy Roman Empire, whose rulers were constantly travelling around, meeting up with their vassals, holding court or attending imperial diets. While travelling, the emperor would stay with his entire household at imperial palaces along the way. Kaiserburg Castle in Nuremberg was one of the foremost of these in Europe in the Middle Ages. At Nuremberg's Kaiserburg Castle you can visit the imperial apartments in the main building which contains 16th and 17th century paintings, tapestries and furniture, the Romanesque double chapel with its late-Gothic crucifix by Veit Stoss, the Tiefer Brunnen well with its 47-metre shaft, Sinwellturm tower and an extensive collection of weapons and tools.
Nuremberg's castle was built on the site of earlier buildings from the time of the Salian emperors, the Hohenzollern castellans of Nuremberg and the Holy Roman emperors. The permanent exhibition at the Kaiserburg Museum explores the castle's construction, its historical significance and the history of arms in the Middle Ages.
And here are five things that you should know about Nuremberg's Kaiserburg Castle:
1. Kaiserburg Castle was built on and made out of sandstone. The underground rock cellars were used for centuries for fermenting and storing beer.
2. Legend has it that the robber baron Eppelein von Gailingen jumped over the walls of Kaiserburg Castle on his horse in the 14th century to escape execution.
3. The former imperial stables at the castle now house Nuremberg youth hostel.
4. All the Holy Roman Emperors stayed at Kaiserburg Castle for a short period at least between 1050 and 1571.
5. Excavations on the site have uncovered remains of fortifications dating back to before 1000 BC.