The first documented mention of Norenberc was on 16 July 1050. Kaiserburg Castle was built on castle hill. Nuremberg experienced huge growth in the early modern era.
Crafts and trade flourished here in the 15th and 16th centuries, as did science and the arts. This is where the artistic genius Albrecht Dürer had his workshop. The city's openness to new spiritual movements led to the start of the Reformation in 1525. In 1835 Germany's first locomotive – the 'Adler' – travelled from Nuremberg to Fürth. Pencil and toy production and the metalworking industry were also enjoying their heyday.
The Nazi Party exploited the rich heritage of the 'Treasure Chest of the German Reich' and held their rallies here from 1927 onwards. The city was reduced to rubble in January 1945. It was later rebuilt as a careful synthesis of old and new. Buildings such as Kaiserburg Castle, the churches of St. Lawrence and St. Sebaldus, the Church of Our Lady and the town hall were restored to their former glory.
With opera, drama and ballet, the Nuremberg State Theatre plays a key role in the city's performing arts scene, which also includes a number of independent venues. What's more, the International Puppet Theatre Festival draws puppeteers to Nuremberg from all over the world.read more »
The journey made by Germany's first locomotive from Nuremberg to the neighbouring city of Fürth in 1835 marked the beginning of the industrial revolution in Germany. Nuremberg played a major role during this period, becoming Bavaria's centre of industry within a few decades.read more »
Nuremberg's Christkindlesmarkt is one of the oldest Christmas markets in Germany. The seasonal hustle and bustle on Nuremberg's Hauptmarkt square can be traced back as far as 1628, when the following inscription in black ink was found at the bottom of an oval, 19cm long spruce box decorated with flowers – now in the possession of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum:read more »
Nuremberg loves children and children love the many places in the city where they can have fun, enjoy different activities and new experiences. Do they think museums are dull? City tours boring? Visits to the opera or theatre enough to put them to sleep? Nuremberg's wide range of attractions for children will quickly convince them otherwise.read more »
Nuremberg still has a number of Gothic buildings dating from the city's heyday in the Middle Ages. The commercial success of the patrician upper class was reflected in the townscape, as a number of magnificent buildings were erected.read more »
There are more than 40 museums to visit in Nuremberg. Dürer's paintings in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum (the largest museum of German art and culture) attest to Nuremberg's rich history, as do many other great works of art such as 'The Annunciation' by Veit Stoss in St. Lawrence's Church and Adam Kraft's 'Stations of the Cross' in St. Johannis.read more »
In acknowledgement of its role during the Third Reich, Nuremberg today embraces its commitment as a 'city of peace and human rights'. The Israeli artist Dani Karavan installed the Way of Human Rights outside the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in 1993. Engraved on its pillars are the 30 articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in various languages.read more »
Thanks to Willibald Pirckheimer, the city is closely associated with the Humanist tradition in Germany. The city's openness to new spiritual movements led to the start of the Reformation in 1525. Nuremberg was the first Protestant imperial city.read more »
The works of Albrecht Dürer hang in all of the world's most renowned art museums. However, in his home city of Nuremberg, visitors can also find out about his life. The Germanisches Nationalmuseum is one of the most important centres of research on Albrecht Dürer and contains some of his most important works.read more »
The Imperial Castle is Nuremberg's most famous landmark. From the 'Freiung' (sanctuary) and Sinwell Tower visitors can enjoy breathtaking views of the old quarter. Other attractions at the castle include the Imperial Castle Museum and the imperial apartments.read more »
Half-timbered and sandstone buildings are the defining features of Nuremberg's medieval architecture. The earliest traces of construction of the Salian Imperial Castle date back to around the year 1000, and the Hohenstaufen Imperial Castle was also developed in Romanesque style around the year 1200.
Gothic influences are apparent in the Castle from the 15th century onwards, but the churches of St. Lawrence and St. Sebaldus are also striking examples of this typical Nuremberg construction style. Only the immensely wealthy upper class were able to use stone, the rest of the population made do with half-timbered construction.
Albrecht Dürer's House and a number of properties on 'Weißgerbergasse' (Tanners' Lane) consist of a combination of a stone ground floor and wooden beams filled with masonry. Many town houses and manors were built during the Renaissance period, as were magnificent buildings such as the 'Wolff´sche Rathaus' (Town Hall) and the 'Hirsvogelsaal' (Hirsvogel Hall).
The Baroque era is represented by the Baroque Garden in St. Johannis, the Classics era by the 'Elisabethkirche' (St Elizabeth's Church), the Historism period by the 'Justizpalast' (Palace of Justice) while the 'Faberschloss' (Faber Castell Castle) stands for industrialisation. The Art Nouveau-style Opera House is regarded as timelessly beautiful, and Professor Hermann Jansen played a defining role in Nuremberg's modern-day town planning.
Traces of National Socialism are visible at the former Nazi Party Rally Grounds. In the post-war period, Sep Ruf left his mark on the city with the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, the 'Akademie der Bildenden Künste' (Academy of Fine Arts) and today's 'Heimatministerium' (Homeland Ministry), as did Ernst Neufert with the construction of the Quelle distribution centre.
Present-day developments include the extension of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, the Business Tower, Volker Staab's Neues Museum - State Museum for Art and Design in Nuremberg - and the two exhibition halls designed by the architect Zaha Hadid.
Situated on the edge of Nuremberg's Old Town, the multicultural area of Gostenhof has become a magnet for the "in crowd", with its vintage shops, galleries and designer boutiques.
Take a look over the shoulder of World Latte Art Champion Christian Ullrich in the coffee roasting house or enjoy a hot chocolate with home-made cake in the boutique, experience the spellbinding thrill of a show at the Wundermanufaktur magic theatre then, a few doors away, buy a magic set from woodturner Grottenthaler – the GoHo district has it all. Following the end of production, the nearby AEG site has become home to galleries and restaurants as well as research and science under the banner of "Auf AEG".
Twice a year, there is a chance to seek out countless treasures at the "Trempelmarkt", Germany's biggest flea market which extends over a large area of the Old Town. From May to October, a seaside atmosphere prevails in Nuremberg, when 600 tonnes of white sand cover an area of 4,000 square metres on the island of Schütt, occupied by 1,500 deck chairs: the city beach is "Nuremberg south" in the summer. The summer evenings on the square by the 'Tiergärtnertor' (city gate) are also a unique experience. Young people from all over the world come together here to chill out on the cobblestones with a bottle of 'Rotbier' (red beer) from the Altstadthof brewery.
In addition to traditional cultural events such as the 'Blaue Nacht' (Blue Night), long night of art and culture, and the Bardentreffen and Rock im Park music festivals, Nuremberg offers a wide range of unusual and niche hipster events: for example, the 'Brückenfestival' (bridge festival), Nürnberg.Pop, Folk im Park and the monthly Street Food Market.
Franconian hospitality combined with an exclusive selection of dining and shopping venues provide the perfect ingredients for incomparable experiences in Nuremberg.
However, these are by no means the city's only attractions. A harmonious blend of tradition and modernity also help to ensure a relaxed atmosphere throughout your entire stay. Top-class restaurants, some with several Michelin stars, treat discerning diners to the finest dishes and guarantee maximum pleasure. Many restaurants also serve traditional Franconian fare.
Shopping is a relaxed pleasure in Nuremberg city centre. The large pedestrian area created in 1966 is one of the oldest in Germany and one of the most extensive in Europe. A shopping trip in the historic atmosphere of the Old Town combines exclusive boutiques and glass-fronted shopping arcades with many sightseeing opportunities. For example, the 'Handwerkerhof' (Craftmen's Courtyard), where traditional craftsmen such as glass cutters, glass painters and leather bag-makers present their creations in a typical half-timbered setting. Fine jewellery can be crafted to customers' requirements here.
Large shopping centres and well-known outlets in places such as Herzogenaurach, Ingolstadt and Wertheim are also perfect destinations for shopping trips.
Nuremberg has a reputation for culinary delicacies that few other German cities can rival, from 'Lebkuchen' (gingerbread-style cookies) in the Christmas period to finger-size 'Bratwurst' (sausages) eaten all year round.
Franconian specialities such as crispy 'Schäufele' (roast pork dish) and baked carp are also worth a try. These culinary delights are ideally accompanied by a cool beer from one of the private Franconian breweries. The traditional variety in Nuremberg is 'Rotbier' (red beer).
However, it's not just traditional Franconian fare that is served up in Nuremberg, some fine-dining restaurants also promise a treat for discerning palates. They work with fresh regional produce, sourced mainly from the nearby 'Knoblauchsland' (vegetable-producing region). As an Organic Metropolis, it is hardly surprising that Nuremberg is a trailblazer for the organics cause. As you would expect, all specialities are also available in organic versions.
Nuremberg has very quietly blossomed into Germany's whisky capital. The city is home to Germany's oldest whisky club and the latest highlight on the scene is Nuremberg's "The Village" whisk(e)y trade fair. So it should come as no surprise to find out that Germany's best whisky of 2015 came from Nuremberg.
However, the city's culinary attractions extend beyond fine dining. Tour guides accompany groups on culinary tours of the city and offer something for almost every taste.
Nuremberg also has a lot to offer car enthusiasts. The 'Museum Industriekultur' (Museum for Industrial Culture) is home to some very rare microcars. The 14 HP Zündapp Janus managed to reach a top speed of 80 km/h, while the Victoria-Spatz even recorded 100 km/h.
Produced only in small series, these beautiful little roadsters have now almost disappeared, making them sought-after rarities among collectors. At the 'Ofenwerk - Zentrum für mobile Classic' (Classic Cars Centre) in Nuremberg, everything revolves around unique vehicles maintained with a great deal of love and passion. Merks Motor Museum was established in 2011 and displays 82 classic cars as well as a few more recent vehicles, from the 1927 Chevrolet Coach to "affordable bread and butter cars", such as the Ford P3 or Renault R4.
And in nearby Neumarkt, the 'Automuseum Maybach' (Museum for Historical Maybach Vehicles) displays around one tenth of the manufacturer's remaining classic cars.
Every year, the international motorsports elite gathers in Nuremberg in late June or early July for the DTM German touring car championship held on the spectacular city circuit. Over 140,000 touring car and Formula 3 fans make the annual pilgrimage to the grounds around the 'Steintribüne' (Grandstand) of the former Nazi Party Rally Grounds for this weekend of racing on the Norisring. Training, qualification rounds and four top-class races are accompanied by stunt shows and concerts.