your royal tour of germany

  • Partial view of the inner courtyard of the Baroque palace in Osnabrück. Osnabrück Castle was built in 1667-1673 as a fourwing Baroque complex.
    Inner courtyard of the Baroque palace in Osnabrück ©Niedersachsen GmbH (TMN)

Osnabrück and Iburg Castle
From the early days of its power to the industrial age

The prince-bishopric of Osnabrück was the first own reign and residence of Ernst August I. and his wife Sophia of the Palatinate; the Osnabrücker Land was therefore the beginning of the initially undreamt-of rise of the House of Welf. His descendant the unforgotten George V, last king of Hanover, founded together with his beloved wife Marie the town of Georgsmarienhütte in the Osnabrücker Land.

These two historical personalities laid the foundations for industrialisation here. Numerous museums, castles and stunning English gardens will lead you back through their history.

The inception of power at Iburg Castle

Iburg Castle with Bennoturm tower and steeple. Iburg Castle was the first residence of Ernst August I and Sophie von der Pfalz.

George I, with whom the personal union began in 1714, spent his childhood (1662 to 1673) at Iburg Castle near Osnabrück. His sister Sophie Charlotte was born there and went down in history as the first Prussian Queen at the side of Frederick I. Her father Ernst August I, first secular Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück, wanted to underline his absolutistic claim to power with a new appropriate residence. A four-wing baroque palace was built in Osnabrück between 1667-1673 and the family moved here leaving Iburg Castle. The palace gardens extended to some 3 hectares behind the terrace of the main building and were designed by the French gardener Martin Charbonnier, who later also planned Herrenhausen Gardens in Hanover. Today, Iburg Castle houses portraits of the family, as well as numerous medals and medallions from the Baroque period.

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The start of industrialisation in Osnabrücker Land

As the founding father of the city of Georgsmarienhütte, George V welcomes visitors to the permanent exhibition.

Montbrillant Castle was a royal summer palace in Hanover used by the Royal House of Hanover during the first half of the nineteenth century. It was here that George V, the last King of Hanover, met his wife Marie on 14 July 1839. When the couple founded the mining company Georgs-Marien-Bergwerks und Hüttenverein in 1856, appropriate living quarters were needed for the mine directors, so Montbrillant Castle was transported from Hanover to Georgsmarienhütte, where it was rebuilt in slightly modified form. This was the beginning of a highly eventful period in industrial, cultural and social history. Unfortunately, the castle was completely demolished in 1925. Today, remnants of the workers' shacks and other traces of the early industrial era continue to dot the city. The impressive mansion "Villa Stahmer" was built by the former factory director Robert Stahmer in 1900 and it is here you can take a peek at the life of an industrialist's family at the beginning of the twentieth century. A life-size picture of George V welcomes you in the entrance hall indicating that the town of Georgsmarienhütte was named after himself and his beloved wife Marie.

Great battles and dreamy gardens

Painterly detail in the Baroque garden of Gesmold Castle.

Only a few kilometres away, you can find yourself in the very midst of the Varus Battle in Kalkriese Museum and Park. It was here that Germanic tribes triumphed over the Romans in 9AD. The story is told through the actual objects that featured in the battle. The site of the Varus Battle was discovered by British Major Anthony Clunn, who unearthed numerous coins and Roman lead slingshots here in 1987, laying the foundations for the museum. As a result, HM Queen Elizabeth II awarded him an OBE.

Enjoy highlights of German gardening along the Garden Dream Tour. A 170 km long signposted trail links up 37 mostly private garden paradises. Easy to reach by bike, the property owners open their garden gates to guests and some offer refreshments. Also worth visiting are the Palace Gardens of Osnabrück, designed in the English style and the University Botanical Gardens located in an old quarry.

Learn more about historical Osnabrücker Land and Osnabrück, City of Peace, here.

Contact us

Tourismusverband Osnabrücker Land e.V.
Herrenteichsstraße 17+18
49047 Osnabrück

Tel: +49(0) 541-323 4393
Fax: +49(0) 541-323 4342

Email:
Web: www.niedersachsen-tourism.com/osnabruecker-land

Tourist-Information Bad Iburg

Am Gografenhof 3
49186 Bad Iburg

Tel: +49 5403 404 66
Fax: +49 5403 404 86

Email:

Web: www.badiburg.de

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