The first records of Jews living in Heidelberg date from 1275. Heidelberg was one of the first German universities to accept Jews, and by 1900 a significant proportion of students and faculty was Jewish. Eleven hundred Jews lived in Heidelberg in 1933, and the synagogue was destroyed on Kristallnacht. Today, some 1,000 Jews are at home in Heidelberg, served by the Heidelberg Synagogue that opened in 1958.
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