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Découvrez les sites allemands classés au patrimoine mondial par thématiques


Le Königshalle (hall des rois) de l’ancien monastère de Lorsch, en Hesse , est une construction de la fin de l’époque carolingienne, probablement édifiée vers le milieu du IXe siècle sous le règne de Louis le Germanique. Dernière partie du monastère carolingien à être encore visible en surface, il a été inscrit avec les autres vestiges architecturaux et archéologiques du site médiéval au patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO en 1991.

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La cathédrale d’Aix-la-Chapelle est le premier site allemand à avoir été inscrit au patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO en 1978, et pour cause : construite entre 790 et 800, la cathédrale est une œuvre artistique et architecturale d’une valeur universelle exceptionnelle et l’un des plus grands modèles de l’architecture religieuse. Lieu de sépulture de Charlemagne, elle a été le théâtre du couronnement des empereurs allemands pendant près de 600 ans.

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Appelée officiellement cathédrale Notre-Dame-de-l’Assomption-et-Saint-Étienne, la cathédrale de Spire est l'emblème de la ville visible de bien au loin. Bâtie sur un plan en forme de croix latine, elle est l’un des édifices romans les plus vastes et les plus importants d’Allemagne. Débutée en 1030, son édification devait donner naissance à la plus grande église d’Occident.

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L’emplacement de l’actuelle cathédrale de Cologne a accueilli des églises dès le IVe siècle mais ce n’est qu’en 1248 que commença l’édification d’une des cathédrales les plus importantes de la chrétienté – et d’un des chefs-d’œuvre de l’architecture gothique. En 1880, année de son achèvement, elle était considérée comme le plus grand bâtiment du monde.

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En près de 400 ans, les moines du monastère de Maulbronn ont créé un ensemble monastique unique et influencé le paysage culturel environnant de façon décisive. Située entre Heidelberg et Stuttgart , l’ancienne abbaye cistercienne est non seulement le complexe monastique le mieux conservé au nord des Alpes mais également une œuvre représentative de l’architecture médiévale et un site classé depuis 1993 au patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO.

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L’église Saint-Michel et la cathédrale Sainte-Marie d’Hildesheim, près d’Hanovre , sont deux exemples remarquables d’architecture romane précoce. Incarnations de l’épanouissement de l’art religieux sous le Saint-Empire romain germanique, les deux édifices témoignent de la puissance créatrice de l’évêque Bernward et impressionnent par les trésors de renommée internationale qu’ils renferment.

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Les trois églises romanes datant du IXe au XIe siècle témoignent de l’importance de l’ancienne abbaye bénédictine de l’île monastique de Reichenau dans le Bade-Wurtemberg . Fondée en 724, celle-ci est rapidement devenue l’un des monastères les plus importants au sud de l’Allemagne. L’île garde jusqu’à nos jours un attachement profond pour sa tradition monastique qu’elle fait revivre chaque année lors de processions et fêtes religieuses uniques au monde.

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L’« église de pèlerinage du Sauveur flagellé de Wies », au pied des Alpes, est considérée comme l’un des chefs-d’œuvre les plus accomplis du rococo bavarois. Près d’un million de visiteurs du monde entier viennent ici chaque année s’extasier, prier, assister aux offices, écouter les concerts de l’été ou se recueillir.

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L'ancienne abbaye bénédictine de Corvey dans la localité westphalienne de Höxter s'est vue classée au rang de 39e site du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO en Allemagne le 21 juin 2014. Et ce n'est pas sans raison, car ce joyau de l'histoire de l'art est d'une valeur inestimable : cette ancienne abbaye sous l'autorité immédiate de l'Empire figure parmi les fondations religieuses majeures du Moyen-âge en Allemagne avec une histoire qui remonte à près de 1 200 ans.

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Commentaires de touristes du monde entier

Kunsthofpassage

1000 e 1 passagem

Em Neustadt tem a Kunsthofphpassage, que é uma passagem incrível. Ela tem vários prédios "temáticos". O azul por exemplo quando chove, a água nos canos vira música. Fora os prédios, ainda tem várias lojas bacanas e cafés charmosos para você aproveitar. #youngDresden #mustsees #shopping #cafés

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Obras incríveis

Albertinum: um museu de arte moderna de 125 anos, que foi reaberto em 2010, após uma reforma de 51 milhões de euros. A coleção de retratos começa com um dos pintores alemães mais românticos, Caspar David Friedrich, e termina com seu artista vivo mais famoso, Gerhard Richter, sendo que ambos passaram a infância em Dresden. Você vai encontrar desde a Bailarina de Degas, a Monet, Manet, Rodin, Van Gogh. A entrada Vista 10€

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Zwinger Palace

O Chateau de Versailles de Dresden

O Zwinger Palace é um dos melhores exemplos da arquitetura barroca tardia na Alemanha. Construído entre 1710 e 1728 pelo arquiteto Pöppelmann, o Palácio Zwinger foi usado para grandes festas e torneios. Hoje, o complexo barroco de pavilhões, galerias e pátios interiores é a casa de grandes museus e obras. A Madonna Sistina de Rafael você encontrará lá. O acervo de Porcelana tambem é belíssimo. O Arsenal também é muito interessante se você curte trajes e armas. Se você não quiser entrar em nenhum museu, vá pelo menos para andar pelos jardins e admirar o "Kronentor", que é o portão com a coroa.

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Asisi Panometer

Dresden : 1945

Setenta anos depois do bombardeio de Dresden, na Segunda Guerra Mundial, um panorama de 360 ​​graus que mostra a cidade destruída foi revelado na cidade. O artista Yadegar Asisi criou uma imagem circular de 100 metros de largura e 30 metros de altura que mostra Dresden após os devastadores ataques aéreos dos aliados. Entre 13-15 fevereiro de 1945, apenas alguns meses antes do fim da guerra, os bombardeiros britânicos e norte-americanos destruíram mais de 90 por cento do centro histórico da cidade, matando cerca de 25.000 pessoas. Mais de 3.900 toneladas de bombas de alto poder explosivo e dispositivos incendiários dizimaram marcos importantes do barroco em uma cidade que é considerada "a Florença do Elba". O panorama, Dresden: 1945, fica aberto de 24 de Janeiro à 31 de maio de 2015, no gasômetro Panometer. http://www.asisi.de/en/panoramas/dresden-1945/photo-gallery.html

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Frauenkirche - Church of Our Lady

A Lady de Dresden

A Igreja da Nossa Senhora de Dresden é um espetáculo de linda. É a igreja que vai te impactar no primeiro minuto que você entrar e ver uma igreja branca, super luminada. Se há um lugar cuja história pode mover-lo às lágrimas, será n'a Igreja de Nossa Senhora. Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, a igreja foi bombardeada e ficou em escombros até 1994, quando um programa de restauração foi iniciado. Hoje, é um lembrete dos dias antes da guerra e um dos lugares que você vai ter uma história imparcial sobre a Segunda Guerra Mundial.

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Christmas Markets in Cologne

Christmas in Germany

Christmas may be over, but 11 months from now the season will be upon us and you should spend 2015 in Germany! Why? The Christmas season is in Germany is like no other. There is no other place in the world where you can experience countless, and famous, Christmas markets that will without a doubt, put you in the holiday spirit. While the markets are open all day, it’s best to visit at night. Many towns across Germany have decorated the streets and market squares with evergreen-lined stalls, twinkling lights and religious (and not so religious) statues to kick off the holiday season as festively as possible. If you are a foreigner in Germany at this time of year, it's difficult to miss home when Germany puts on an excellent show at Christmas time. No matter what German city you are in, you can find families and friends of all ages, walking around shopping for unique and traditional gifts, sipping on mulled wine and indulging in delicious German food. You will hear laughter amongst the Christmas carols that will make you forget about your toes and fingers tingling from the cold temperature at this time of year. It’s truly a traditional delight for all of the senses. No trip to the German Christmas markets is complete without trying a class of glühwein, which is a combinations of red wine, spices and sugar. This traditional drink will keep you cozy and happy. Hungry? No problem! There are many stalls that sell traditional German Christmas Market food and snacks for you to enjoy such as bratwurst, mutzen, schmachtlappen and reibekuchen. In a world where Christmas present shopping consists of the latest technology and thoughtless gift certificates, it’s nice to be able to find traditional hand carved gifts at several stalls. Not to mention, mountains of oranges and nuts, the original gift that St. Nicholas gave to people hundreds of years ago at this time of year. While many countries around the world celebrate Christmas, no other place does it like Germany. So, if you feel that this time of year has been lacking in holiday spirit, take a trip over to this European country and be reminded what Christmas time is all about.

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hopscotchtheglobe@gmail.com

Canadians First Time at a Traditional Co-ed Spa

Visiting a co-ed spa was a foreign concept to me, being born and raised in Canada. Nudity in my culture is reserved for your own home where some have issues looking at themselves in the mirror. The gym change room is another publicly acceptable nude room, many of us have mastered the art of undressing by using a towel without exposing our private parts. My wife, Kristen, and I walked into that spa and let go of our Canadian mentalities. I undressed in the co-ed change room next to a woman in her 60s. She had kind eyes, a warm smile and no knowledge of nude shame as she stripped down without embarrassment. Kristen and I entered the spa, dropped our towels and were liberated, free for all to gaze upon! There were adults of all ages and body type, casually conversing as if being nude was more comfortable than being clothed. I had to constantly remind myself that people are not judgemental of bodies here, something I have never experienced in North America. Nudity is very much a part of the culture here. This German spa was the first place I have experienced harmony and equality among class, age, sex. Nobody knows whether you walked in with an Armani suit or a ripped t-shirt, you are all equal, beautiful and free. I immediately felt unjudged and part of the community. The architecture and decor of the spa was heavenly. Stone tiles lead the way to a large open room with lounging chairs and a marble swimming pool. The ambiance is zen, with only the sound of calm conversations and light background music. Buddha heads, candles, bamboo designs and waterfalls decorate the many rooms with relaxation and beauty. The outdoor rooftop contained hot tubs and saunas to keep you warm and steamy as well as cold pools and a bucket of snow used to cool your body down before jumping back into the hot tub. I left with my body relaxed, my skin clean, and my mind at peace. I learned that the human body is a beautiful gift which should be appreciated and accepted. Nudity is our original state and should be more widely accepted.

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hopscotchtheglobe@gmail.com

Herrenhauser Gärten Grotto

Niki the St.-Phalle at her best

A couple of years ago a very wealthy friend of mine, who owns an work of art by French artist Niki de St.-Phalle, told me included Hannover in a trip to Europe just to see Nikki's art in town. I had totally forgotten this until I came to Hannover and found out that Niki's works are all over the place. There are three Nanas in the Sculpture Mile downtown and an ancient grotto at the Herrenhauser Gardens was redone by Niki, who filled with her Nanas, a colorful Ganesha and a myriad of kaleidoscopic mirrors. Before her death, she donated her private collection to Hannover's Sprengel Museum, and will appear in the new wing due to open late in 2016.

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xongas@gmail.com