The first record of Jews in Chemnitz is from 1308. Chemnitz’s grand Romanesque synagogue was opened in 1899, serving a Jewish community of 2,500 in 1930. The synagogue was destroyed on Kristallnacht. After World War II, a small Jewish community was established. After reunification, there has been a renaissance of the Chemnitz Jewish community and the futuristic new Chemnitz Synagogue was consecrated in May 2002.