The villages of Kippenheim and Schmieheim were home to Jews from the mid-17th century until 1940. The Kippenheim Synagogue was torched on Kristallnacht and spent fifty years as a prison and a warehouse. Its renovated exterior was dedicated as a Cultural Landmark of the State of Baden-Württemberg. The interior of the synagogue was completely restored and is used for exhibits, concerts and events. The Schmieheim Jewish Cemetery is one of Germany’s oldest.