Bergen-Belsen was the second concentration camp on German soil liberated by the Allies. 27,000 inmates had died in the six weeks before the British arrived and so appalling were conditions that thousands continued to die in the ensuing weeks; among them a girl named Anne Frank. It was initially an army training base, then a prisoner-of-war camp. It became a death camp when, in the final months of the war, its population, disease and death rate soared. There are several memorials at Bergen-Belsen.