Tiny Schopfloch is typical of the German villages in which Jews lived from the Middle Ages until the Nazi-era. The city had a Jewish mayor in the 18th century, and, until the 1830s, the population was one-third Jewish. Memorial plaques mark both the 18th-century Jewish School and the site of the Synagogue destroyed on Kristallnacht.

Jewish Schopflochers developed a local patois, based largely on Hebrew that became commonplace. The dialect contains some 2,000 words of Hebrew origin.

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