• Erfurt – Merchants’ bridge
    Erfurt – Merchants’ bridge ©DZT (T. Babovic)
  • Bielefeld – City hall
    Bielefeld – City hall ©DZT (Dirk Topel Kommunikation GmbH)
  • Wuppertal – Suspension railroad
    Wuppertal – Suspension railroad ©DZT (H.P. Merten)
  • Wiesbaden – Kurhaus
    Wiesbaden – Kurhaus ©DZT (photo&design H. Goebel)
  • Lübeck – Holsten Gate
    Lübeck – Holsten Gate ©DZT (G. Marth)
  • Kiel – City center
    Kiel – City center ©DZT (O. Franke)
  • Bonn – Museum of Art
    Bonn – Museum of Art ©DZT (R. Kiedrowski)
  • Andernach – City scenery
    Andernach – City scenery ©Stadtverwaltung Andernach
  • Speyer – Cathedral
    Speyer – Cathedral ©DZT (A. Cowin)
  • Bremerhaven – Emigration Center
    Bremerhaven – Emigration Center ©DZT (W. Hutmacher)
  • Regensburg – Stony Bridge,
    Regensburg – Stony Bridge, ©DZT (P. Ferstl)
  • Offenburg – Aluminum sculpture „Freiheit“ (liberty),
    Offenburg – Aluminum sculpture „Freiheit“ (liberty), ©Stadt Offenburg
  • Rothenburg o.d.T. – At Plönlein
    Rothenburg o.d.T. – At Plönlein ©DZT (W. Pfitzinger)
  • Chemnitz – Theater square
    Chemnitz – Theater square ©DZT (N. Krüger)
  • Sulzburg
    Sulzburg ©Stadt Sulzburg
  • Rostock – Church of St. Mary
    Rostock – Church of St. Mary ©DZT (J. Messerschmidt)
  • Magedeburg – City hall
    Magedeburg – City hall ©DZT (T. Krieger)
  • Essen – Old Synagogue,
    Essen – Old Synagogue, ©DZT (P. Wieler)
  • Wörlitz – Gothic house
    Wörlitz – Gothic house ©Bildarchiv Monheim GmbH/DZT
  • Augsburg – Synagogue and Jewish Culture Museum
    Augsburg – Synagogue and Jewish Culture Museum ©Regio Augsburg Tourismus GmbH

Towns and Cities throughout Germany

Should your travels lead you beyond the larger cities of Germany, you will continue to find a country rich in Jewish history and culture. In the small cities below, you will discover memorials, museums, synagogues and Jewish Community Centers worth stopping at.

In Nuremberg you should not miss the Fascination And Terror Exhibit in the former Nazi Party Rally Grounds. The city’s Frauenkirche church occupies the site of the original synagogue built in 1296 and destroyed in the “Black Death” pogroms of 1349. The elegant 19th-century Nuremberg synagogue was the first German synagogue to be destroyed by the Nazis, but its Jewish Community was also one of the first to be revived after World War II. In 1984, a Jewish Community Center and Synagogue opened.

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Münster today has a small Jewish community. The city’s extraordinary Villa Ten Hompel is a research institute that records and illuminates a little examined side of the Nazi period: the laborious bureaucracy and outwardly benign officialdom – the “ordinary” civil servants, clerks, office workers and police – that permitted the cogs of the National Socialist death machine to operate with such villainous efficiency. The Villa is a venue of remembrance, research and political education.

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Mainz, was an important center of rabbinical scholarship during the Middle Ages. This attractive town on the Rhine was home of Rabbi Jacob ben Moses Moellin (the Maharil), as well as of the eminent Kalonymus dynasty of rabbis. The small Mainz Synagogue is an architectural gem. Its ark contains three Torah scrolls that survived Kristallnacht. The Mainz Regional Museum displays several 12th century Jewish tombstones. Today’s community was reborn by Holocaust survivors in 1945.

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Jews first came to in Magdeburg in 965. In 1900, some 2,000 Jews lived in the city. Today the reconstituted community numbers around 500 and started planning a new synagogue-construction shall start in 2015. The Magdeburg Jewish Cemetery dates from the early 1800’s.

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Lübeck is one of the best preserved medieval cities of Germany. The red-brick Lübeck Synagogue is North Germany’s only still functioning prewar synagogue. The classic interior – blue ceiling decorated with Stars of David, the women’s gallery supported by wooden beams, the ornate wooden arch curving over the bimah – seems unchanged since the synagogue opened in 1880. Though today’s community is tiny, every seat in the synagogue has a prayer book on it, as if a big turnout is momentarily expected.

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The villages of Kippenheim and Schmieheim were home to Jews from the mid-17th century until 1940. The Kippenheim Synagogue was torched on Kristallnacht and spent fifty years as a prison and a warehouse. Its renovated exterior was dedicated as a Cultural Landmark of the State of Baden-Württemberg . The interior of the synagogue was completely restored and is used for exhibits, concerts and events. The Schmieheim Jewish Cemetery is one of Germany’s oldest.

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The first synagogue in Kiel was built in 1869. The “new” synagogue opened in 1910 and was destroyed on Kristallnacht. Today, memorials commemorate the former synagogues. The Old Jewish Cemetery is located in the Michelsenstrasse. A new Synagogue and Jewish Community Center were founded in 1998. An 18th century Jewish cemetery, an operating mikveh, and a new Jewish Community Center are located in Bad Segeberg. The community center also offers regular services at a synagogue and kosher cuisine.

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Jews lived in this small town for exactly 400 years, from 1543, until the last were deported to Auschwitz. Built in 1781 and destroyed inside on Kristallnacht, the magnificently restored Ichenhausen Synagogue, with its stained-glass windows and gold-and-blue trompe-d’oeuil ceiling, re-opened in 1987 as a museum. It contains exhibits on Jewish life and has become a cultural center dedicated to Jewish-Christian understanding and to the memory and widening of European Jewish culture.

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Discover Destination Germany with our interactive map

הוסף את המועדפים שלך לכאן. שמור, מיין, חלק והדפס את הבחירה שלך ותכנן את כל הביקור שלך בגרמניה.

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