• Essen – Old Synagogue,
    Essen – Old Synagogue, ©DZT (P. Wieler)
  • Chemnitz – Theater square
    Chemnitz – Theater square ©DZT (N. Krüger)
  • Regensburg – Stony Bridge,
    Regensburg – Stony Bridge, ©DZT (P. Ferstl)
  • Sulzburg
    Sulzburg ©Stadt Sulzburg
  • Rostock – Church of St. Mary
    Rostock – Church of St. Mary ©DZT (J. Messerschmidt)
  • Münster – Promenade
    Münster – Promenade ©Münster Marketing
  • Magedeburg – City hall
    Magedeburg – City hall ©DZT (T. Krieger)
  • Bielefeld – City hall
    Bielefeld – City hall ©DZT (Dirk Topel Kommunikation GmbH)
  • Lübeck – Holsten Gate
    Lübeck – Holsten Gate ©DZT (G. Marth)
  • Bonn – Museum of Art
    Bonn – Museum of Art ©DZT (R. Kiedrowski)
  • Augsburg – Synagogue and Jewish Culture Museum
    Augsburg – Synagogue and Jewish Culture Museum ©Regio Augsburg Tourismus GmbH
  • Erfurt – Merchants’ bridge
    Erfurt – Merchants’ bridge ©DZT (T. Babovic)
  • Wörlitz – Gothic house
    Wörlitz – Gothic house ©Bildarchiv Monheim GmbH/DZT
  • Wuppertal – Suspension railroad
    Wuppertal – Suspension railroad ©DZT (H.P. Merten)
  • Offenburg – Aluminum sculpture „Freiheit“ (liberty),
    Offenburg – Aluminum sculpture „Freiheit“ (liberty), ©Stadt Offenburg
  • Kiel – City center
    Kiel – City center ©DZT (O. Franke)
  • Bremerhaven – Emigration Center
    Bremerhaven – Emigration Center ©DZT (W. Hutmacher)
  • Andernach – City scenery
    Andernach – City scenery ©Stadtverwaltung Andernach
  • Bamberg – Synagogue
    Bamberg – Synagogue ©BAMBERG Tourismus & Kongress Service
  • Rothenburg o.d.T. – At Plönlein
    Rothenburg o.d.T. – At Plönlein ©DZT (W. Pfitzinger)

Towns and Cities throughout Germany

Should your travels lead you beyond the larger cities of Germany, you will continue to find a country rich in Jewish history and culture. In the small cities below, you will discover memorials, museums, synagogues and Jewish Community Centers worth stopping at.

One of the major sights of Osnabrück is the striking Felix Nussbaum House , exhibiting the works of an Osnabrück Jewish artist, who died in Auschwitz. Designed by Daniel Libeskind the museum combines Nussbaum’s art with architecture that resonates the lows-and-highs of the German Jewish saga. On Kristallnacht the synagogue was destroyed and Jewish stores and homes were looted and torched. Osnabrück’s Jewish community was revived in 1945 and a Synagogue and Jewish Community Center opened in 1969.

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The town’s Gasthaus Salmen (Inn) is emblematic of the highs and lows of the German-Jewish experience. The inn was begun by Jewish owners in 1806 and in 1875 became a synagogue. It was destroyed on Kristallnacht. Restoration of the building under municipal auspices began in 1997, and in 2002 it was unveiled by the President of Germany as a Cultural Landmark of National Significance.

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In Nuremberg you should not miss the Fascination And Terror Exhibit in the former Nazi Party Rally Grounds. The city’s Frauenkirche church occupies the site of the original synagogue built in 1296 and destroyed in the “Black Death” pogroms of 1349. The elegant 19th-century Nuremberg synagogue was the first German synagogue to be destroyed by the Nazis, but its Jewish Community was also one of the first to be revived after World War II. In 1984, a Jewish Community Center and Synagogue opened.

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Münster today has a small Jewish community. The city’s extraordinary Villa Ten Hompel is a research institute that records and illuminates a little examined side of the Nazi period: the laborious bureaucracy and outwardly benign officialdom – the “ordinary” civil servants, clerks, office workers and police – that permitted the cogs of the National Socialist death machine to operate with such villainous efficiency. The Villa is a venue of remembrance, research and political education.

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Mainz, was an important center of rabbinical scholarship during the Middle Ages. This attractive town on the Rhine was home of Rabbi Jacob ben Moses Moellin (the Maharil), as well as of the eminent Kalonymus dynasty of rabbis. The small Mainz Synagogue is an architectural gem. Its ark contains three Torah scrolls that survived Kristallnacht. The Mainz Regional Museum displays several 12th century Jewish tombstones. Today’s community was reborn by Holocaust survivors in 1945.

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Jews first came to in Magdeburg in 965. In 1900, some 2,000 Jews lived in the city. Today the reconstituted community numbers around 500 and started planning a new synagogue-construction shall start in 2015. The Magdeburg Jewish Cemetery dates from the early 1800’s.

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Lübeck is one of the best preserved medieval cities of Germany. The red-brick Lübeck Synagogue is North Germany’s only still functioning prewar synagogue. The classic interior – blue ceiling decorated with Stars of David, the women’s gallery supported by wooden beams, the ornate wooden arch curving over the bimah – seems unchanged since the synagogue opened in 1880. Though today’s community is tiny, every seat in the synagogue has a prayer book on it, as if a big turnout is momentarily expected.

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Discover Destination Germany with our interactive map

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