One of Europe’s loveliest synagogues is located in this tiny town, where Jews lived from 1680 until 1937. The original synagogue had to be torn down in the 18th century, but the Princes of Anhalt-Dessau compensated the community by building the community a new synagogue. The result was a synagogue modeled on Rome’s Temple of the Vestal Virgins. The interior was destroyed on Kristallnacht, and then used as an exhibition hall after the war. In 1988, it re-opened as the Wörlitz Synagogue Museum.