A flock of birds over the Wadden Sea
The Wadden Sea - a hub for migrating birds ©Rudolf Großmann
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Lower Saxony Wadden Sea UNESCO-Biosphere Reserve – where the seabed meets the horizon

The wide expanses of the Lower Saxony Wadden Sea Biosphere Reserve stretch along the North Sea coast and out to sea to a line just the other side of the East Frisian islands.

The Wadden Sea biosphere reserve comprises a unique ecosystem defined by the ebb and flow of the tide. Here the meeting of land and sea has created a range of habitats populated by a huge diversity of species. For thousands of birds, who produce unforgettable displays of 'feathered clouds', the mud and salt flats are a principal source of food. Colonies of grey and harbour seals can be seen basking on the sandbanks. Behind the dikes is a landscape that has been tended by man down the centuries and where the history of human settlement is marked by an ongoing adaptation to nature. Countless man-made hills, expanses of reclaimed land and a range of water engineering systems signify the presence of man in this region and form an integral part of the identity of the people who live here. The uniqueness of the Wadden Sea – whether in the flocks of sheep grazing along miles of dykes, or in the seemingly limitless expanses of the landscape – can be appreciated on foot or by bike. But the really special experience that nature has to offer in this region – roaming the mudflats – is best appreciated with the help of the biosphere reserve's selected partner organisations.

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