Lutherstadt Wittenberg, a Protestant place of pilgrimage, is regarded as the cradle of the Reformation. It was here that Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses to the door of the castle church on 31 October 1517.
Although there is, in fact, no historical evidence to support the public display of the theses, the town has clearly been shaped by the historical legacy of the Reformation right up to the present day. The famous sites of the Reformation in Wittenberg are among the most important places in German history.
Luther's former home is probably the world's largest museum dedicated to the history of the Reformation. The Church of St. Mary, where Luther preached and shared both bread and wine during Holy Communion for the first time, and the castle church, where Luther's grave is located, attract visitors from all over the world every year.
It wasn't only Luther who lived in Wittenberg – his close friend and supporter, the famous painter Lucas Cranach the Elder was also resident in the town for a long time. He lived and worked in the Renaissance-style Cranach courtyards in Wittenberg. Today, the renovated complex is home to an exhibition on the life and times of the famous painter. Visitors can also watch artists at work or soak up the historical ambience over a leisurely coffee.