Although Martin Luther never visited Mühlhausen, the town played an important role for him and the Reformation as the centre of the radical reform movement led by Thomas Müntzer.
Unlike Luther, Müntzer wanted to reform not only the church but also secular powers and was not afraid of using violence to this end. As the priest at St. Mary's Church in Mühlhausen, he became an agitator and leader of the peasants. The movement came to a bloody end at the Battle of Bad Frankenhausen in 1525. In that same year, Müntzer was executed outside the gates of Mühlhausen.
Now a memorial to Thomas Müntzer, St. Mary's Church hosts exhibitions and cultural events to commemorate the life and work of the reformer and leader of the peasant's revolt.
Mühlhausen, the Thuringian town known for its gates and churches, lies between Hainich National Park and the Eichsfeld region and is famous for its rich history. The historical old quarter and the town wall with towers, which you can walk along, give the town its unmistakeable charm. Volkenroda Abbey and the Vogtei Dorla open-air museum with its mysterious prehistoric sacrificial site are nearby and well worth visiting.