世界遺産全物件のA~Z

ドイツの世界遺産物件のテーマ分野を見つけてください。


ヘッセン州 のロルシュ修道院にある「王の門」は、カロリング朝後期の建造物で、おそらくは9世紀中頃の “ルートヴィヒ・ドイツ人王” の時期のものと考えられています。 このカロリング朝時代の修道院施設で唯一地上に見えるものとして、他の建築・考古学上の遺構と共に、1991年にユネスコ世界遺産に登録されました。

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1978年にアーヘン大聖堂が、ドイツで初めての世界遺産としてユネスコのリストに登録されたのももっともなことです:790年頃から800年頃にかけて建造された大聖堂は、建築や芸術の歴史において普遍的な意義を有しており、代表的な宗教建築物に数えられているからです。 カール大帝の墓所でもある大聖堂では、600年にわたって神聖ローマ帝国の皇帝たちの戴冠式が執り行われていました。

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シュパイヤーの皇帝大聖堂 ─ 正式には聖マリア&聖シュテファン大聖堂 ─ は、はるか遠くからも目にできる、都市の象徴です。 また、平面図ではラテン十字の形をした、ドイツ最大にして最も重要なロマネスク建築のひとつでもあります。1030年に建設が開始された時には、まさしくヨーロッパ最大の聖堂を目指していました。

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現在ケルン大聖堂がある場所には、すでに4世紀には教会が存在していました。しかし、このライン河畔の都市に、キリスト教世界における有数の大聖堂にして “ゴシック建築の傑作” が建つのは、1248年以降のことです。 ケルン大聖堂は、完成した1880年の時点では、世界最大の建造物でした。

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400年余りの時間の中で修道士たちは、マウルブロン修道院という類い稀な宗教施設を造り上げ、周囲の文化的景観を特徴づけてきました。 ハイデルベルク と シュトゥットガルト の間に位置する、かつてのシトー会修道院は、完全な形で維持されているアルペン以北で唯一の僧院であると同時に、中世の建築芸術を代表する存在であり、1993年以来ユネスコ世界遺産に登録されています。

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ハノーファー 近郊のヒルデスハイムにある聖ミヒャエリス教会と聖マリア大聖堂は、いずれも初期ロマネスク様式を代表する見事な建築物です。 これらの聖堂は、神聖ローマ帝国における宗教芸術の全盛期を今に伝え、ベルンヴァルト司教の創造性を証明すると同時に、世界的に有名な歴史的文化財で人々に感銘を与えています。

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僧院の島ライヒェナウ ( バーデン・ヴュルテンベルク州 ) に、9世紀から11世紀にかけて建てられた3つのロマネスク教会は、かつてのベネディクト会修道院の重要性を現代に伝えています。 この修道院は724年に設立され、瞬く間に南ドイツで最も重要な僧院のひとつに発展しました。 その伝統は、世界でも類を見ない宗教上の祝祭や行列の中に、今日なお生き続けているのです。

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アルプス山麓にある「ヴィースの鞭打たれるキリスト巡礼教会」は、バイエルン・ロココ様式による完璧な芸術作品とされています。 ここには、世界各地から年間100万もの人々が訪れます ─ 眺めるために、驚嘆するために、祈るために、礼拝に参加するために、夏季コンサートを聴くために、そして何より静かに内省するために……。

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ヴェストファーレン (ウェストファリア) 地方ヘクスターの旧ベネディクト会修道院コルヴァイが、2014年6月21日にドイツで39番目のユネスコ世界遺産として登録されました。芸術史における “宝石” とされ、計り知れない価値を有していることを考えると、正当な評価といえるでしょう : 1200年近い歴史を持つ、かつての帝国直属修道院は、中世ドイツに創立された、最も重要な修道院施設に数えられます。

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世界の旅行者からの声

Kunsthofpassage

1000 e 1 passagem

Em Neustadt tem a Kunsthofphpassage, que é uma passagem incrível. Ela tem vários prédios "temáticos". O azul por exemplo quando chove, a água nos canos vira música. Fora os prédios, ainda tem várias lojas bacanas e cafés charmosos para você aproveitar. #youngDresden #mustsees #shopping #cafés

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Obras incríveis

Albertinum: um museu de arte moderna de 125 anos, que foi reaberto em 2010, após uma reforma de 51 milhões de euros. A coleção de retratos começa com um dos pintores alemães mais românticos, Caspar David Friedrich, e termina com seu artista vivo mais famoso, Gerhard Richter, sendo que ambos passaram a infância em Dresden. Você vai encontrar desde a Bailarina de Degas, a Monet, Manet, Rodin, Van Gogh. A entrada Vista 10€

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Zwinger Palace

O Chateau de Versailles de Dresden

O Zwinger Palace é um dos melhores exemplos da arquitetura barroca tardia na Alemanha. Construído entre 1710 e 1728 pelo arquiteto Pöppelmann, o Palácio Zwinger foi usado para grandes festas e torneios. Hoje, o complexo barroco de pavilhões, galerias e pátios interiores é a casa de grandes museus e obras. A Madonna Sistina de Rafael você encontrará lá. O acervo de Porcelana tambem é belíssimo. O Arsenal também é muito interessante se você curte trajes e armas. Se você não quiser entrar em nenhum museu, vá pelo menos para andar pelos jardins e admirar o "Kronentor", que é o portão com a coroa.

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Asisi Panometer

Deesden : 1945

Setenta anos depois do bombardeio de Dresden, na Segunda Guerra Mundial, um panorama de 360 ​​graus que mostra a cidade destruída foi revelado na cidade. O artista Yadegar Asisi criou uma imagem circular de 100 metros de largura e 30 metros de altura que mostra Dresden após os devastadores ataques aéreos dos aliados. Entre 13-15 fevereiro de 1945, apenas alguns meses antes do fim da guerra, os bombardeiros britânicos e norte-americanos destruíram mais de 90 por cento do centro histórico da cidade, matando cerca de 25.000 pessoas. Mais de 3.900 toneladas de bombas de alto poder explosivo e dispositivos incendiários dizimaram marcos importantes do barroco em uma cidade que é considerada "a Florença do Elba". O panorama, Dresden: 1945, fica aberto de 24 de Janeiro à 31 de maio de 2015, no gasômetro Panometer. http://www.asisi.de/en/panoramas/dresden-1945/photo-gallery.html

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Frauenkirche - Church of Our Lady

A Lady de Dresden

A Igreja da Nossa Senhora de Dresden é um espetáculo de linda. É a igreja que vai te impactar no primeiro minuto que você entrar e ver uma igreja branca, super luminada. Se há um lugar cuja história pode mover-lo às lágrimas, será n'a Igreja de Nossa Senhora. Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, a igreja foi bombardeada e ficou em escombros até 1994, quando um programa de restauração foi iniciado. Hoje, é um lembrete dos dias antes da guerra e um dos lugares que você vai ter uma história imparcial sobre a Segunda Guerra Mundial.

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martinha@viajoteca.com

Christmas Markets in Cologne

Christmas in Germany

Christmas may be over, but 11 months from now the season will be upon us and you should spend 2015 in Germany! Why? The Christmas season is in Germany is like no other. There is no other place in the world where you can experience countless, and famous, Christmas markets that will without a doubt, put you in the holiday spirit. While the markets are open all day, it’s best to visit at night. Many towns across Germany have decorated the streets and market squares with evergreen-lined stalls, twinkling lights and religious (and not so religious) statues to kick off the holiday season as festively as possible. If you are a foreigner in Germany at this time of year, it's difficult to miss home when Germany puts on an excellent show at Christmas time. No matter what German city you are in, you can find families and friends of all ages, walking around shopping for unique and traditional gifts, sipping on mulled wine and indulging in delicious German food. You will hear laughter amongst the Christmas carols that will make you forget about your toes and fingers tingling from the cold temperature at this time of year. It’s truly a traditional delight for all of the senses. No trip to the German Christmas markets is complete without trying a class of glühwein, which is a combinations of red wine, spices and sugar. This traditional drink will keep you cozy and happy. Hungry? No problem! There are many stalls that sell traditional German Christmas Market food and snacks for you to enjoy such as bratwurst, mutzen, schmachtlappen and reibekuchen. In a world where Christmas present shopping consists of the latest technology and thoughtless gift certificates, it’s nice to be able to find traditional hand carved gifts at several stalls. Not to mention, mountains of oranges and nuts, the original gift that St. Nicholas gave to people hundreds of years ago at this time of year. While many countries around the world celebrate Christmas, no other place does it like Germany. So, if you feel that this time of year has been lacking in holiday spirit, take a trip over to this European country and be reminded what Christmas time is all about.

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hopscotchtheglobe@gmail.com

Canadians First Time at a Traditional Co-ed Spa

Visiting a co-ed spa was a foreign concept to me, being born and raised in Canada. Nudity in my culture is reserved for your own home where some have issues looking at themselves in the mirror. The gym change room is another publicly acceptable nude room, many of us have mastered the art of undressing by using a towel without exposing our private parts. My wife, Kristen, and I walked into that spa and let go of our Canadian mentalities. I undressed in the co-ed change room next to a woman in her 60s. She had kind eyes, a warm smile and no knowledge of nude shame as she stripped down without embarrassment. Kristen and I entered the spa, dropped our towels and were liberated, free for all to gaze upon! There were adults of all ages and body type, casually conversing as if being nude was more comfortable than being clothed. I had to constantly remind myself that people are not judgemental of bodies here, something I have never experienced in North America. Nudity is very much a part of the culture here. This German spa was the first place I have experienced harmony and equality among class, age, sex. Nobody knows whether you walked in with an Armani suit or a ripped t-shirt, you are all equal, beautiful and free. I immediately felt unjudged and part of the community. The architecture and decor of the spa was heavenly. Stone tiles lead the way to a large open room with lounging chairs and a marble swimming pool. The ambiance is zen, with only the sound of calm conversations and light background music. Buddha heads, candles, bamboo designs and waterfalls decorate the many rooms with relaxation and beauty. The outdoor rooftop contained hot tubs and saunas to keep you warm and steamy as well as cold pools and a bucket of snow used to cool your body down before jumping back into the hot tub. I left with my body relaxed, my skin clean, and my mind at peace. I learned that the human body is a beautiful gift which should be appreciated and accepted. Nudity is our original state and should be more widely accepted.

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hopscotchtheglobe@gmail.com

Herrenhauser Gärten Grotto

Niki the St.-Phalle at her best

A couple of years ago a very wealthy friend of mine, who owns an work of art by French artist Niki de St.-Phalle, told me included Hannover in a trip to Europe just to see Nikki's art in town. I had totally forgotten this until I came to Hannover and found out that Niki's works are all over the place. There are three Nanas in the Sculpture Mile downtown and an ancient grotto at the Herrenhauser Gardens was redone by Niki, who filled with her Nanas, a colorful Ganesha and a myriad of kaleidoscopic mirrors. Before her death, she donated her private collection to Hannover's Sprengel Museum, and will appear in the new wing due to open late in 2016.

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xongas@gmail.com