레버쿠젠

레버쿠젠: 도시의 역사가 곧 산업의 역사인 곳

레버쿠젠은 공업도시로서 세계적 기업 바이엘 사가 있으며 이로써 국제적인 인지도를 얻게 되었습니다. 또한, 레버쿠젠은 산자락에 있어 휴양지로서 높은 가치를 갖습니다. 즉, 대도시의 역동성을 함께 전원의 아름다움을 간직한 도시입니다.

레버쿠젠의 역사는 오랫동안 몇몇 마을들의 역사였습니다. 쾰른 또는 뒤셀도르프 외곽의 마을들이 1930년에 하나의 시로 통합됨으로써 레버쿠젠이 태어났습니다. 도시 창설 이전인 1863년에 두 신사 베스토크와 바이엘이 이곳에 큰 공장을 세웠습니다. 바이엘 회사를 오늘날의 부퍼탈인 바르멘에 설립했고 , 그 후 레버쿠스 화학회사를 인수하여 1891년에 오늘날 레버쿠젠시의 한 지역이며 "푸른 초원 위에"라는 의미의 비스도르프로 소재지를 옮겼습니다. 공장 주변에 형성된 주거지를 기업가 레버쿠스의 성을 본따 레버쿠젠이라고 불렀습니다. 이러한 특징에도 불구하고 도시에 어떠한 공장도 남아 있지 않다는 것 그리고 레버쿠젠은 고유한 정체성, 특징, 독립된 삶을 영위한다는 것을 도시 곳곳에서 느낄 수 있습니다. 예를 들어 지역을 초월하여 중요한 의미를 갖는 행사인 레버쿠젠 포럼이 그렇습니다. 문화 센터와 회의 및 컨퍼런스를 위한 현대적 공간에서는 매년 가을에 유명한 “국제 레버쿠젠 재즈 페스티벌”이 개최됩니다. 레버쿠젠 포럼과 함께 콘서트와 연극을 위한 공연장 및 행사장이 있었습니다. 1908년에 개관한 바이엘 사의 "에어홀룽스 하우스"로 이것은 오랫동안 레버쿠젠의 문화 1번지 역할을 하였습니다. 레버쿠젠의 도시 역사는 빌라 뢰머에서 찾아볼 수 있습니다. 이 빌라 뢰머는 오플라덴 구역에 있는데 거의 성처럼 보일 정도입니다. “도시 역사의 집”으로서 이 건물은 레버쿠젠 역사협회에 제공되었습니다.

레버쿠젠에는 현대적인 면모도 있습니다. 아름다운 사냥용 별궁인 모르스브로이히 성은 시내 중심가에서 1km 남짓 떨어져 있으며, 궁 안에는 현대 미술관이 자리하고 있습니다. 미술관은 400점 이상의 회화와 동상을 소장하고 있으며, 또한 약 5,000점의 인쇄물도 소장하고 있습니다. 특별 전시회에서는, 특히, 요제프 보이스, 게르하르트 리히터, 앤디 워홀, 귄터 위커, 이브 클라인의 작품을 소개하고 있습니다. 궁전의 일본식 정원은 사시사철 휴식과 아름다움의 오아시스가 되어줍니다. 여러분에게 특히 그러할 것입니다. 이 일본식 정원 때문에 레버쿠젠을 찾는 사람들이 있습니다. 그만큼 이 정원은 아름답습니다.

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Christmas Markets in Cologne

A White Christmas in Cologne

My notions of winter in Europe have been shaped by Hollywood movies. I expected to watch snowflakes romantically descend upon short winter days, and the cosy glow of Christmas trees in makeshift homes (think boutique hotels) to keep me warm. What surprised me on my December trip to Germany was the camaraderie and sheer revelry at the country’s famous Christmas markets, compelling enough to brave the single digit temperatures and rejoice over a white winter! If the thought of Europe evokes images of quaint old churches in juxtaposition with hi-tech buildings, and old towns with cobbled streets and artistic cafes, a winter trip to Cologne only romanticizes those images further. Come December, chirpy little Christmas Markets pop up among the city’s most charming neighborhoods, and become the go-to place for the city’s locals. Colorful booths line the streets, selling traditional German and Christmas gifts, like the famous Räuchermännchen, a wooden toy that is an incense smoker in disguise. Food stalls serve up hash browns, frankfurters, crepes, and local delicacies. People gather around drinking glühwein, the famous mulled wine of Europe warmed with spices, chatting, warming up over some neighborhood gossip. Christmas music plays everywhere, and the night rings with the clinking of cups and prost. Such revelry! At the Christmas Market on the Alter Markt in Cologne, local craftsmen and women demonstrate their talents with wood crafts, crystal painting and glass glazing; it is fascinating to observe the precision and pride that goes behind each little piece of work, and meet men and women who have come to these markets since they were little boys and girls. But the icing on the cake in a festive Cologne is its main market, which glitters in the dramatic backdrop of the city’s oldest and most charming cathedral; truly a European Christmas!

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shivyanath@gmail.com

Früh am Dom

Best brauhaus in Cologne!

If you are feeling thirsty after your tour of the stunning Cologne Cathedral, pop into the Fruh Brauhaus which is located right across from the Dom. For such a touristy location, it is surprisingly packed with locals which is refreshing. (Recent survey found that 70% of the clientele were from the city) The 'kolsch', the local beer served here is also very refreshing. Not too gassy so it goes down well, especially in the unique little 200ml glasses they serve the beer in. The food is good here, generous portions. Altogether a great place to relax in and have a few glasses of the awesome Kolsch.

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europebudgetguide@gmail.com

Köln Arkaden

Great indoor shopping Cologne - Köln Arkaden

You can spend hours and hours doing some shopping in Cologne or the cities close by. But too often, the cold and wet weather makes you feel more like curling up at home or in the hotel. So if you are not up to running through the rain just to get some souvenirs oder shopping goods, Cologne (and North Rhine Westphalia) has some great indoor shopping malls to explore! Köln Arkaden You can find 'Köln Arkaden' in Cologne Kalk. This is a very modern building with about 180 Shops. You can get there by tram or car although there are not that many parking spaces available. You can find a good array of shops in here, especially kids will be quite happy thanks to some huge toy stores. This mall has more a 'grab what you need and leave' feeling while the others are more inviting to spend some time in. But this mall is good for some great Late Night Shopping! Opening Hours Köln Arkaden Monday to Thursday 10 am - 8 pm Friday and Saturday 10 am - 10 pm every 1st Saturday 10 am - 12 pm www.koeln-arcaden.de

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Heike@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Mexx Outlet Korschenbroich

Great indoor shopping Cologne - Mexx Outlet Korschenbroich

You can spend hours and hours doing some shopping in Cologne or the cities close by. But too often, the cold and wet weather makes you feel more like curling up at home or in the hotel. So if you are not up to running through the rain just to get some souvenirs oder shopping goods, Cologne (and North Rhine Westphalia) has some great indoor shopping malls to explore! Mexx Outlet Korschenbroich I love Outlet Shopping. There are not that many close to Cologne but one worth a visit is the 'Mexx Outlet' in Korschenbroich which is close to Neuss an not that well known. You can only go there by car and the drive lasts about 30 minutes from Cologne. Visiting this outlet is especially a tip for parents with young kids as you can get really good bargains (30-70% off) when you are looking for Baby clothes or kids outfits but they also have a good women and men section. It is never really crowded so you will always get a parking space. The Outlet looks and feels like a regular shop so there are no rummage tables around that make you feel uncomfortable and there are enough dressing rooms. There is even a small café in it with good coffee and cakes. Tipp: Visiting at the beginning of the week (Tuesday/Wednesday) and you'll have much more choices as they bring in new stuff every week. No special website available for this location. Opening Hours Mexx Outlet Monday to Friday 10 am - 7 pm Saturday 10 am - 6 pm Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 9 41352 Korschenbroich

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Heike@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Die Wohngemeinschaft

Cafes and Bars in Cologne - Die Wohngemeinschaft

Cologne is a lively city on the river Rhine, smaller than Berlin but still a city not to be missed when in Germany. It offers sights such as the UNESCO World Heritage listed cathedral, a high concentration of museums and galleries, shopping streets, old town alleys and cafés and bars with a laid back flair. The “Kölsche lifestyle” is catching – reason enough to come to Cologne! Die Wohngemeinschaft This place is unique as it is decorated like a real apartment, a flat share to be precise. Like in any shared apartment, the kitchen is the heart of it all – in this case this is the café and bar downstairs, where you will get coffee, pastries and snacks during the day. At night a DJ will turn this place into a dance floor and bar. If that’s too much of workout for you, you can simply hang around in one of the many individually designed rooms of the fictitious roommates and sip your drink. Die Wohngemeinschaft Richard-Wagner-Straße 39 50674 Köln 0221 39760904 www.die-wohngemeinschaft.net Opeming times: Daily 15:00 until 02:00

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angelika@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Café Feynsinn

Cafes and Bars in Cologne - Café Feynsinn

Cologne is a lively city on the river Rhine, smaller than Berlin but still a city not to be missed when in Germany. It offers sights such as the UNESCO World Heritage listed cathedral, a high concentration of museums and galleries, shopping streets, old town alleys and cafés and bars with a laid back flair. The “Kölsche lifestyle” is catching – reason enough to come to Cologne! Café Feynsinn This spot serves probably the best breakfast in town. When you step in you might feel like you have just boarded a time machine. Old chandeliers hang from the ceiling, which is decorated with romantic stucco and a beautiful painted sky. For our breakfast you will be given little menus where you can choose between organic scrambled eggs, croissants, various cheeses and even homemade marmalade. Lunch and dinner are also available. Herbs come from their own little garden and many other used products from the region. All ingredients are organic, the coffee comes from fair trade partners plus Café Feynsinn is part of the slow food movement. So indulge their great food and enjoy the cozy atmosphere and treat yourself to this little gem in Cologne. Café Feysinn Rathenauplatz 7 50674 Köln 0221-240 9210 www.cafe-feynsinn.de Opening times: Monday to Thursday 9:00 until 01:00h, Friday 09:00 until 02:00, Saturday 09:30 until 02:00 and Sunday 10:00 until 01:00

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angelika@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Keimaks

Cafes and Bars in Cologne - Keimaks

Cologne is a lively city on the river Rhine, smaller than Berlin but still a city not to be missed when in Germany. It offers sights such as the UNESCO World Heritage listed cathedral, a high concentration of museums and galleries, shopping streets, old town alleys and cafés and bars with a laid back flair. The “Kölsche lifestyle” is catching – reason enough to come to Cologne! Keimaks The most interesting combination of a bar, café and restaurant in Cologne is surely the Keimaks just around the university of arts near Chlodwigplatz. This tiny spot may at first just look like a cocktail bar, but turn around and have a closer look – tot he right and in the back you will find tables to sit down and a huge menu on the wall with a small but tasty collection of an interesting variation of Mediterranean, Asian, regional and even French cuisine. The drinks are spectacular. Keimaks serves -as you may have guessed right in the first place- great cocktails and fine wines. Keimaks Kurfürstenstraße 27 50678 Köln 0221 312670 Opening times: Monday to Friday 18:30 until 01:30, Saturday and Sunday 13:30 until 01:30

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angelika@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Rhein Center Köln

Great indoor shopping Cologne - Rhein Center Köln

You can spend hours and hours doing some shopping in Cologne or the cities close by. But too often, the cold and wet weather makes you feel more like curling up at home or in the hotel. So if you are not up to running through the rain just to get some souvenirs oder shopping goods, Cologne (and North Rhine Westphalia) has some great indoor shopping malls to explore! Rhein Center Köln The Rhine Center Cologne is about 7 kilometers out of the city centre. You can easily get there by car or tram. As I live really close by the 'Rhein Center Köln' I am used now to its quite confusing parking garages and malls. But the centre was originally built in the early 70's. After the latest massive modernisation, which had to be based on the old structures, more and more great stores moved in. So arriving by car, you might get lost on your first visits. To avoid this, just remember the level you get into and the lift you descend of. That's it. I am quite a big fan of this shopping center although its general feeling is a bit oldschool. A huge hit for the center was probably to get the first Apple Store in Cologne in. You can also find Hollister, Tom Tailor, WE, WE Kids and several nice interiour shops there. There is a food mall on the ground floor - I recommend giving the flying Sushi a try! The only thing is: if you go there with kids, don't waste your time to look for the 'kiddieland'. There is no playground and there is no place to relax with children. Kiddieland is just a place several machines to throw money in to. To get there, you can easily take the car although parking is not free, except Saturday in the afternoon. Avoid the Saturdays before Christmas or be there really early. You can also take the tram Nr. 1 from the city, it takes about 30 minutes from the city to get here. Walking distance from the station to the center: 5 seconds. Opening Times Rhein Center: Mondays to Saturdays 10 am - 8 pm www.rhein-center-koeln.de

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Heike@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Centro Oberhausen

Great indoor shopping -Centro Oberhausen

You can spend hours and hours doing some shopping in Cologne or the cities close by. But too often, the cold and wet weather makes you feel more like curling up at home or in the hotel. So if you are not up to running through the rain just to get some souvenirs oder shopping goods, Cologne (and North Rhine Westphalia) has some great indoor shopping malls to explore! Centro Oberhausen - one of the biggest malls in Europe Where once has been the location of coal and steel industry, you can find now one of the biggest shopping centres in Europe. Opened in 1996 it might not have the real modern look anymore but it is still one of the most famous and best indoor shopping locations in North Rhine Westphalia. 90.000 m2 of salesfloor, more than 200 Shops, 1200 seats in the giant food court - you can definetley spend a whole day here without feeling that bad: the huge glass roof brings in a lot of daylight to lighten up the huge mall. You should find anything here you are looking for - or never thought you really 'needed' to buy. In the spaceous malls, there are not only just huge chains, but also very special and nice boutique stores like 'Liebeskind', a Berlin based label selling great bags, walletts or shoes for example. Of course, you can find also an Apple Store here, a Vans Store and if you love german soccer, there are two sports club fan shops: one from FC Bayern Munich, the other one form Borussia Dortmund. One of the things I noticed recently: if you are looking for shoes, it is worth it to visit the Centro as there are so many shoestores and labels selling them, it is really hard to resist. Getting to the Centro is quite easy. The easiest way to get there is by car. The highway is very close by and there are more than 14.000 parking spaces available - for free. But you can also take the bus or the tram. Opening Times Centro Oberhausen Monday - Wednesday 10 am - 8 pm Thursday 10 am - 9 pm Friday and Saturday 10 am - 8 pm www.centro.de

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Heike@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Früh am Dom

Cafes and Bars in Cologne - Früh am Dom

Cologne is a lively city on the river Rhine, smaller than Berlin but still a city not to be missed when in Germany. It offers sights such as the UNESCO World Heritage listed cathedral, a high concentration of museums and galleries, shopping streets, old town alleys and cafés and bars with a laid back flair. The “Kölsche lifestyle” is catching – reason enough to come to Cologne! Früh Am Dom No visit to Cologne is complete without a stop for a beer and a meal at a typical Brauhaus (brewery), where the waiters joke around and won’t stop bringing you small glasses of Kölsch, the local beer, until you place your beermat on top of your glass to signal “Enough“. The food is hefty and very down to earth, so expect no chichi or fine dining. The interior is simple: massive oak benches, wood panel walls and huge ceramic tiled stoves. You can have design and all that jazz somewhere else; this place is only about the beer and the huge piles of traditional food. Früh Am Dom Am Hof 12-18 50667 Köln 0221 2613211 www.frueh.de Opening times: daily 08:00 until midnight””

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angelika@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com