The Garden Kingdom was created by Prince Leopold III Friedrich Franz von Anhalt-Dessau (1740–1817), whose many reforms were aimed at fostering a harmonious interaction of man and nature.
His Garden Kingdom lies at the heart of a landscape characterised by rivers, woodland and expansive meadows. Its palaces, gardens, treelined avenues and smaller buildings blend in with the nature that surrounds them, giving the whole area the feel of infinite parklands. On the outskirts of Dessau are the neo-classical Luisium Palace with its English gardens, the rococo ensemble of Mosigkau Palace, Großkühnau Country Park and Georgium Palace, home to the House of Anhalt’s picture gallery. Together with the baroque ensemble of the town, palace and park of Oranienbaum and Wörlitz Park, the most important part of the Garden Kingdom, these form a remarkable World Heritage.