The town's history is closely linked to spa resort medicine. Bad Schmiedeberg's tradition as a spa resort began with the opening of the municipal ferrous mud spa in 1878. Since then orthopaedic, rheumatic and gynaecological conditions have all been treated here with natural therapies. Bad Schmiedeberg is one of the few places in Germany to have not one but three natural healing resources: mud, spring water and radon. For the past 133 years the natural healing properties of mud have been used to treat rheumatism, osteoporosis and gout. The curative waters are prescribed as a drink and are also used for bathing treatments. Bad Schmiedeberg's Kurfürstenbrunnen mineral spring is a conduit for radon and is used by bathers undergoing radon therapy. The resort has also built up a reputation for successfully treating illnesses using the Kneipp cure. The spa gardens has hydrotherapy and phytotherapy areas, a network of invigorating walking paths and a Kneipp therapy centre, which accommodates a Kneipp shop, a tea bar and a Kneipp garden. This means that the phytotherapy and Kneipp treatments can be offered all year round. A wide range of activities can also be enjoyed in the town. The Bad Schmiedeberg Kurhaus presents a varied arts and leisure programme including walks and tours in the nature park. Dessau, Leipzig and Berlin are a short drive away.