Мартин Лютер и Реформация радикально преобразовали Германию и оставили неизгладимый след в ее истории и общественном укладе. В городах, ставших ареной исторических событий Реформации, сохранились интересные памятники той эпохи. Вас ожидает много нового!
In 1525 this was the site of the final battle in the Peasants' War, whose spiritual leader was Thomas Müntzer. Werner Tübke's monumental 1,722m² panorama depicting the Peasants' War can be admired in the museum.
Altenburg, where Luther's ally Georg Spalatin exerted great influence, was a focal point during the Reformation. Spalatin entered the service of Frederick III in 1508 and became canon at St. George's seminary in 1515.
Philipp Melanchthon, Luther's revered, infinitely wise companion, was born in Bretten on 16 February 1497. Today Melanchthon's magnificent house on the market square is a museum of the history of the Reformation.
Luther's mother, Margarethe Lindemann, was born here in 1459. Bad Neustadt is a spa town in an idyllic setting on the river Saale. It is dominated by Salzburg Castle, which sits on a hill and is visible for miles.
Martin Luther was born and died here. The house in which he was born and the house where he died – both UNESCO World Cultural Heritage sites – and the site of his baptism, the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, are the main Luther sites in Eisleben.
For 36 years Luther lived in Wittenberg, today a UNESCO world cultural heritage site. He triggered the Reformation by nailing his Theses to the door of the Castle Church and also got married in the town. Wittenberg University was founded by Elector Frederick the Wise in 1502.
Heidelberg is where Luther made his first theological appearance outside Wittenberg after nailing his Theses to the door of the Castle Church there. Leading the Heidelberg Disputation on 26 April 1518, he mounted another defence of his Theses.
Luther and several fellow travellers made a stop in Naumburg in 1521. Luther stayed in the house of Mayor Gressler; the council accounts show that 23 groschen and 3 pfennige were spent on wine and beer.
Möhra is the Luther family's original home; his parents lived there until 1483. Martin Luther preached in Möhra in 1521, reportedly under a lime tree on the market square. The Luther House can still be seen today.
At the Diet of Worms, on 17 and 18 April 1521, Luther defended his 95 Theses in the presence of Emperor Charles V. Worms is one of Germany's oldest towns and has the largest Reformation monument in the world.
The Diets (imperial assemblies) convened in Speyer in 1526 and 1529 strongly influenced the Reformation. Speyer Cathedral, which is the world's largest Romanesque church, and Trinity Church are prime examples of ecclesiastical architecture.