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Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen

Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen

In its day, shaft XII at the Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen was the world's largest and most modern coal-mining facility and a leading example of the development of heavy industry in Europe. Today, with its Bauhaus-influenced design, the mine is a triumph of modern industrial architecture and a centre for art and culture.

It is often referred to as the 'world's most iconic colliery'. And rightly so, as the architects Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer created a very special industrial complex here between 1927 and 1932. With a harmonious composition of red brick facades in a steel framework – a paragon of symmetry and geometry – the building still has great aesthetic appeal. In 2010 the Zollverein mine was the cultural and artistic centre of the European Capital of Culture Essen in North Rhine-Westphalia. Coal was mined and processed here for 135 years, before the mine was decommissioned in 1986. Founded in 1998, the Zollverein Foundation very quickly dedicated its attention to repurposing the complex and preserving the industrial monument. With great success: today, it is a cultural highlight in the Ruhr region and a living museum of mining history and the development of industrial architecture. Visitors following the Zollverein heritage trail will learn about the modernists of the 1920s and 1930s, the development of heavy industry and how 'black gold' was processed: preserved in all their glory here are the former separation plant, the coal bunkers and the coal washery, gargantuan machines and conveyor belts, seemingly endless rows of coke ovens and six imposing chimneys. The tour also includes models, films and installations. However, it is not only the design of the colliery that stands out. The Red Dot Design Museum housed at the complex has the world's largest collection of contemporary design and is now part of the World Heritage site. Every year, the coveted red dot is awarded for exemplary design.

Opening times, tours and tips

Opening times

RUHR.VISITORCENTER Essen: 10am to 6pm daily

Ruhr Museum: 10am to 6pm daily

Red Dot Design Museum: Tuesday to Sunday and on public holidays (excluding 24, 25, 31 December and 1 January) from 11am to 6pm, last admission: 5pm

Guided tours

Zollverein heritage trail: technical processes, architectural features and the mine's historical background are clearly explained on various guided tours.

Further information:


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Where better to go than the GOP Variety Theatre Essen if you feel like getting away from the daily stresses of life for a few hours and treating yourself to a whole evening of fun, cuisine and live entertainment in one of the finest auditoriums in North Rhine-Westphalia? With its shows and rich variety of dining options, the theatre has achieved cult status – not only among locals, but also much further afield.

The GOP Variety Theatre's aim is as simple as it is ambitious: to give you an unforgettable evening. To make good on this, the theatre treated itself – and its audiences – to a renovation in 2006. The building itself was totally refurbished, given a contemporary makeover and equipped with the very latest in stage technology. Clear shapes and structures were broken up by opulent decorations and highlighted with coloured lighting. The different seating levels in the auditorium are now much more prominent, with the rows cascading upwards and outwards from the stage, enabling up to 400 audience members to have an unobstructed view wherever they are seated. These changes have made the GOP Variety Theatre in the city of Essen, the European Capital of Culture in 2010, an exceptional venue for events. Its auditorium, restaurant and bar area provide a perfect mix of infotainment, delicious food and drink and amazing shows. State-of-the-art conference technology, high-end cuisine and the best of variety entertainment make the GOP a premium setting for successful events.

Предстоящи събития:

19.07.2019 - 01.09.2019

Място на събитието

GOP Varieté Essen
Rottstraße 30
45127 Essen
Fon: +49 (0)201 247 93 93

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