• 0
诺伊斯:莱茵河的另一面

诺伊斯:莱茵河的另一面

当莱茵河对面的杜塞尔多夫 (Düsseldorf) 还是一片沼泽,四处都是蛙鸣的时候,今天诺伊斯的所在地诺瓦伊西乌姆 (Novaesium) 就已经是一个强大的古罗马兵营,驻扎着多达 6500 名士兵。 后来这个地区发展成了德国最古老的城市之一,早在 1984 年就举行了 2000 年庆典。 如今,莱茵河那边的沼泽地早就成为了鼎鼎大名的杜塞尔多夫,但大家可千万不要因此而忽略古老的诺伊斯。

市民、朝圣者和最古老的客栈

罗马人选择在这里驻兵自然有他们的理由:这块土地的一端连接着一条交通要道,这条要道穿过加利安 (Gallien) 从里昂 (Lyon) 越过特里尔 (Trier) 直至莱茵河畔,另一端则扼守着莱茵河、埃弗特河 (Erft)、利佩河 (Lippe)、鲁尔河 (Ruhr) 与乌珀河 (Wupper) 水路的入口。

所以,诺伊斯的经济至今仍与港口和贸易紧密相关也就丝毫不足为奇了。 这座城市曾经享有自己的铸币权,并属于汉萨城市联盟,漫步在市中心,能够很轻易地感受到公民们强烈的自我意识。 1050 年神圣战神奎里努斯 (Quirinus) 的遗骨被诺伊斯占有,从此这座城市的宗教地位也大幅上升。 哥特式晚期风格的奎里努斯明斯特教堂 (Quirinusmünster) 就是为了纪念他而修建的,教皇本笃十六世 (Benedikt XVI) 在 2009 将这座教堂封为乙级圣殿,成为全欧洲信徒们的圣地。 其他重要的宗教建筑包括新哥特式的圣母教堂 (Marienkirche),出自埃米尔·瓦赫特 (Emil Wachter) 之手的精美窗户是一大亮点,另外还有圣母协会的圣母礼拜堂 (Marienkapelle)、圣塞巴斯蒂安教堂 (St. Sebastianus Kirche) 和后历史主义色彩的基督教堂 (Christuskirche) - 城内最古老的新教教堂。 诺伊斯老城的环游路线还包括奥伯城门 (Obertor)、血塔 (Blutturm) 和罗马式的曲佩勒神庙 (Kybele-Kultstätte),以及三栋绝美的建筑:1571年的“旧咖啡屋”(Altes Kaffeehaus),1597 年的“东方三博士之家”(Haus zu den Hl. Drei Königen) 和 1604 年的“Zum Schwatte Päd”,这是下莱茵最古老的客栈,一个既可以住宿,也可以喝上一杯的地方。

硝烟和进行曲:诺伊斯射击节 (Bürger-Schützenfest)

在参加诺伊斯射击节之前,您得确切地知道自己的酒量。 超过 6750 名射手和 1200 位音乐家参与到射击节活动当中,是全世界单一团体组织的最大规模的射击比赛。 射击节期间,会举行国王阅兵式、游行、国王射击等丰富多彩的活动,在城区以及近郊和远郊活动掀起狂欢高潮,150 万游客将前来助兴。

活动

The fact that Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia's region capital, has an art museum of international renown today is thanks to the former Elector Palatine Johann Wilhelm II, who began to build an art gallery here in 1710. A generous patron, he was able to bring numerous artists to the court and transformed the city into a European centre for art. Although the Kunstpalast Museum itself was only founded in 1913, it would not be what it is today had the Elector not been such a passionate collector of art.

The museum underwent two major renovations to reach its current form – from 1925 to 1926 to plans by architect Wilhelm Kreis and in 1999/2000 to plans by Oswald Mathias Ungers. The building now provides an exceptional setting for its painting collection, which focuses on Old Masters, paintings of the 19th century and the modern age and paintings and sculptures from the Middle Ages to the present day. These works are complemented by arts and crafts, design, graphic art and a renowned glass collection. Among the collection's masterpieces are 'The Ill-matched Pair' by Lucas Cranach the Elder, 'Landscape with Tobias and the Angel' by Jan van Scorel, 'Flight into Egypt' and the famous 'Cross on the Mountain' by Caspar David Friedrich. The section on Modernism features important works from the early 20th century by Paula Modersohn-Becker, Wassily Kandinsky, Walter Ophey, Franz Marc, August Macke, Otto Dix, Emil Nolde and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.

下一活动:

19.05.2019 - 01.09.2019

30.06.2019 - 04.08.2019

活动地点

Museum Kunstpalast
Ehrenhof 4
40479 Dusseldorf

价格、安排及开放时间的信息可能变更。

The Biggest Funfair on the Rhine is organised by Düsseldorf's St. Sebastian shooting club, which dates back almost 700 years and currently numbers more than 1,500 members. It's held in celebration of the club's patron St. Apollinaris, whose feast day is on 23 July. The highlight is the historical parade, one of the biggest and most spectacular in Germany, with over 3,000 uniformed marksmen, marching bands and horse-drawn carriages.

St. Apollinaris was declared Düsseldorf's patron saint when the city acquired some of the martyr's relics in around 1300. A beautiful shrine, now in St. Lambert's Church in the old town, was built in his honour. Eventually the annual commemorations evolved into a fair at which it was customary for the club St. Sebastianus Schützenverein 1316 e.V. to shoot dummy birds. Whoever shot down the bird was named shooting king for that year – a tradition that still continues today. Apart from this, the fair has changed dramatically. Nowadays the 165,000 square metre fairground on the bank of the Rhine boasts masses of rides from Germany and abroad, which are all geared up to thrill more than four million visitors from all over the world. Everyone looks forward to the historical parade – and the sensational fireworks above the city. Those in the know will tell you that the best place to view the fireworks is from the middle of the Rhine on board the MS Riverstar, an elegant vessel whose wood and brass fittings hark back to the glory days of travel. Sadly the boat can only accommodate around 170 passengers – so early booking is advised.

下一活动:

12.07.2019 - 21.07.2019

活动地点

Festwiese in Düsseldorf-Oberkassel
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Ring 30
40545 Dusseldorf

价格、安排及开放时间的信息可能变更。

活动与事件

查找活动
(德语和英语)
更多查找标准
全部重置