• 0
所有世界遗产(按字母顺序)
A
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • X
  • Y
  • Z
Cologne Cathedral

科隆大教堂

早在公元 4 世纪,科隆大教堂 (Kölner Dom) 的所在地就已经修建有教堂,不过如今这座在基督教界最为重要的大教堂是于 1248 年才动工兴建的,从诞生之日起便堪称哥特式建筑的杰作。 1880 年科隆大教堂落成,是当时世界上最大的建筑。

这种全新的建筑样式源自于法国,很久之后才被人们正式命名为“哥特式”,采用这种建筑样式的巴黎圣母院 (Notre Dame) 令当时的人们赞叹不已。 科隆人当然也不甘示弱,不过他们心目中的教堂要更美、更大、更高。

由此诞生的科隆大教堂以每年六百万人次的客流量问鼎德国最受欢迎的景点。 它的两个巨大的塔楼是世界上最高的教堂双塔,站在塔上可以纵览科隆 (Köln) 及城郊的盛景。 需要注意的是,科隆大教堂原本是献给圣彼得和圣玛利亚,而并非“东方三王”,虽然他们的遗骨在 12 世纪就从米兰来到科隆,从此之后就一直安放在金色的三王圣龛中,并使得科隆大教堂一跃成为重要的朝圣地之一。 在教堂的珍宝馆中收藏有许多无价之宝,其中包括彼得鲁斯权杖和彼得鲁斯项链以及欧洲已知最古老的大型雕塑作品:格罗十字架 (Gerokreuz)。 除此之外,窗户上的彩色玻璃画、精雕细刻的唱诗班座椅以及出自 14 世纪的绘画作品也定会令人目不暇接。 大教堂内外丰富多彩的文化活动同样不容错过,例如夏日时分每个周二举行的管风琴音乐会,或者从九月至次年六月每月一次在三王圣龛前进行的合唱团演出。 被称为“第五季”的科隆狂欢节 (Kölner Karneval) 绝无一丝宗教含义,但它和科隆大教堂一样,同为科隆不可或缺的一份子。

旅游资讯与服务

Opening times

November to April: 6am to 7.30pm daily; May to October: 6am to 9pm daily

Sundays and holidays: 1pm to 4.30pm

Closed to visitors during church services and during special events in the evening.

Tip for your visit

The cathedral and treasury can be explored individually or as part of a guided tour; tower ascents are also possible. Guided tours several times a day in German and English.

Further information:

www.koelner-dom.de

科隆大教堂是联合国教科文组织路线“生活情调与高度文明”的一部分,其他站点包括:

联合国教科文组织世界遗产:

其他值得一去的城市:
“生活情调与高度文明”路线概况
活动

Upheaval and avant garde, form and functionality, rigour and beauty: modernism is a broad term that has shaped an entire century and remains influential today. Hardly any other museum has concentrated as exclusively on this era as Cologne's Ludwig Museum, whose collection starts in the early 20th century and traces developments right to the present day in remarkable breadth and depth.

The history of this fascinating museum, which together with the Philharmonic Hall has occupied an architecturally striking building right next to Cologne Cathedral since 1986, began with Peter and Irene Ludwig's endowment of around 350 works of modern art. Within a few decades, it had grown into the biggest collection of Pop Art outside the USA including Roy Lichtenstein's Maybe and Andy Warhol's Brillo Boxes. In addition to the Pop Art, today it owns the third-largest Picasso collection worldwide and an extensive collection of Russian avant garde from before and after the revolution, as well as important works of German Expressionism and Surrealism. Artistic movements such as Bauhaus and De Stijl, Nouveau Réalisme and Fluxus bring us to the contemporary art which the museum resolutely acquired, the most recent piece never being more than a few months old. German art of the 1970s and 1980s and installations by the younger avant garde therefore also found their way into the Ludwig Museum, completing the survey of the intriguing era of modernism through contemporary works.

下一活动:

21.09.2019 - 19.01.2020

12.10.2019 - 02.02.2020

16.11.2019 - 01.03.2020

活动地点

Museum Ludwig
Bischofsgartenstraße
50667 Cologne

价格、安排及开放时间的信息可能变更。
The start of the new carnival season is celebrated by revellers on the 11th day of the 11th month at 11.11 a.m.
The designated “Dreigestirn” (triple star) have their first public appearance on a big stage in the Old City of Cologne - in plain clothes at this time.

下一活动:

11.11.2019

活动地点

Stadt Köln
Heumarkt 14
50667 Cologne

价格、安排及开放时间的信息可能变更。
Set against the backdrop of the cathedral (Dom), Cologne’s landmark, the Christmas market “am Dom” presents craftsmen in 160 pavilions. The cathedral is not only here as a real building, but also as in ‘Dom-Speculatius’. The Neumarkt (new market) leads us into the realm of angels. 
In the warm light of the starry Christmas sky, we can wonder at the elaborately designed houses with artistically decorated gables, and an angel darts by from time to time. There’s a fairytale paradise for children on the Rudolfplatz. while things are more rustic in the historic old town, in the "Markt der Heinzel", which is dedicated to the ‘Heinzelmännchen’, the house gnomes from a famous Cologne legend. You will also be surprised by a romantic Christmas village idyll in the Cologne City Gardens (Stadtgarten). And, located directly on the Rhine, by the Chocolate Museum, you can immerse yourself in the maritime flair of the Harbour Christmas Market in the Rheinauhafen. Handicrafts related to the subjects of ports and sea voyages can be found in the pagoda tents, which are shaped like ships’ sails, and you can enjoy mulled wine (Glühwein) and the sailors in the “Trudel”, a three-masted wooden ship. Fall into the spirit of a real sailor’s Christmas with shanties, Christmas classics, pirate juggling and much more. Newly established in Cologne, between the Sparkasse bank and Westgate on Rudolfplatz square, is Christmas Avenue, the gay and lesbian Christmas market with shows and variety entertainment.

下一活动:

25.11.2019 - 23.12.2019

开始时间 11:00 结束时间 21:00

活动地点

Weihnachtsmärkte in Köln
Innenstadt
50667 Cologne

价格、安排及开放时间的信息可能变更。

活动与事件

查找活动
(德语和英语)
更多查找标准
全部重置