Augsburg's history dates back over 2,000 years, making it one of Germany's oldest cities. It was the venue for Imperial Diets, witnessing the Religious Peace of Augsburg, the High Peace Festival and the Augsburg Confession – all of which assured it a place in world history.
The Augsburg Imperial Diet at which Luther refused to revoke his 95 theses is one of the major turning points in western history. The event is commemorated at the fascinating Lutherstiege museum in St. Anne's Church with an exhibition of priceless early Luther manuscripts, documents and paintings.
In 1530 the Augsburg Confession was declared in the Fronhof at the episcopal palace near Augsburg Cathedral. Even today it forms part of the binding confessions of Lutheran churches.
No trip to Augsburg is complete without a visit to the Fuggerei – the world's oldest social housing project still in existence – and the famous Augsburger Puppenkiste puppet theatre, where the marionettes can be seen in the museum as well as during performances. Prestigious contemporary art is on show in the early 19th-century Glaspalast.