德累斯顿

德累斯顿:文化的代言词

文化可以有很多种表达方式和定义标准。 有一种非常简单,那就是“德累斯顿”(Dresden)。 这座城市拥有大量壮美而华丽的文化遗产,让来访者无不屏气凝神、叹为观止。 德累斯顿人将这一切尽数融入美丽诱人的河畔风光中,您的惊异之情将很快转化为对这座城市疯狂的热爱。

“举世闻名”这个字眼在很多地方遭到滥用,但是德累斯顿绝对配得上这个形容词。 因为这里不仅有名胜“三巨头” - 茨温格宫 (Zwinger)森珀歌剧院 (Semperoper)圣母教堂 (Frauenkirche),还有布吕尔平台 (Brühlsche Terrasse)、国都王宫 (Residenzschloss)、洛什维茨山坡 (Loschwitzer Hang) 上的易北三城堡 (Elbschlösser)、布拉泽维策区 (Blasewitzer Villenviertel)、赫勒劳花园城市 (Hellerauer Gartenstadt) 等,当然也别忘了展览国家艺术藏品的十二座博物馆。 这座城市的中心地处易北河 (Elbe) 左岸,正好位于一个优美河弯的顶点。

城市中最有资格被冠以“举世闻名”形容词的建筑,当属茨温格宫 (Zwinger),它乃是巴洛克建筑的尖峰巨作。 从废墟中走出来的圣母教堂 (Frauenkirche) 光芒耀眼魅力无穷,它是最重要的新教教堂之一;萨克森州立歌剧院,也就是森珀歌剧院,是一座意大利文艺复兴风格的伟大建筑,毫无疑问也是世界上最漂亮的歌剧院之一。 布吕尔平台被称为“欧洲阳台”,从那里的公园远眺,易北河美景尽收眼底,还可以看到对岸的新城;设有现代大师画廊 (Galerie Neue Meister) 和雕刻馆 (Skulpturensammlung) 的阿尔贝提努博物馆 (Albertinum),是德累斯顿的又一处文化亮点。 城中还分布有诸多大型博物馆,例如设在国都王宫中的绿色穹隆 (Grünes Gewölbe),它是世界上最大的珍宝馆之一;还有土耳其艺术收藏馆 (Türckische Cammer)、历代大师画廊 (Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister) 等,后者收藏有大量艺术珍品,其中最耀眼夺目的当属拉斐尔的《西斯廷圣母》(Sixtinische Madonna),您必将享受到一次无与伦比的文化体验。

近 700 年来,“音乐”也是促成德累斯顿城走向“举世闻名”的一大元素。 这里并非单指歌剧,而是包括德累斯顿国立乐团 (Staatskapelle)、德累斯顿交响乐团 (Philharmonie)、德累斯顿圣十字合唱团 (Dresdner Kreuzchor) 在内,他们带来的大合唱和管弦乐演奏令观众们兴奋不已。 极具吸引力的国际性庆典活动、激动人心的戏剧表演和舞蹈表演,还有森珀歌剧院等打造的顶级演出……德累斯顿的精彩节目全年不间断。 在德累斯顿,爵士乐同样是文化的代表,国际狄克西兰爵士音乐节 (Internationale Dixieland Festival) 是欧洲规模最大的传统爵士乐盛会。 “Riverboat Shuffle”一向是音乐节的高潮,届时狄克西兰爵士乐游行队伍将沿着布拉格大街 (Prager Straße) 穿过老城。 除此之外,德累斯顿的节日日程表上还包括很多露天活动,例如易北河岸电影之夜(Filmnächte am Elbufer)、易北河山坡节 (Elbhangfest) 以及在易北三城堡 (Elbschlösser) 的浪漫公园中举办的音乐会等。

与伟大的传统文化遗产相比,这座城市的现代化建筑也毫不逊色。 新犹太教堂 (Neue Synagoge) 和解构主义的UFA 水晶宫电影院 (UFA-Kristallpalast) 是其中的佼佼者,后者由奥地利建筑事务所“蓝天组”(Coop Himmelb(l)au) 设计。 主火车站也是重要看点之一。火车站的改建工程由设计师诺曼·福斯特 (Norman Foster) 主持,他使用透明的特氟隆薄膜将古老的钢结构包裹在其中,使建筑呈现出强烈的现代感。军事历史博物馆 (Militärhistorisches Museum) 亦不容错过。 这座博物馆是人们按照丹尼尔·里伯斯金 (Daniel Libeskind) 的大胆设计扩建和改造而成。 “蓝色奇迹大桥”(Blaues Wunder) 是欧洲第一座无桥墩大桥,它的设计在当时堪称惊世骇俗,同时也是杰出的工程技术作品,观景效果令人震撼。

如果您在十二月份到访德累斯顿,迎接您的将是另外一项文化盛事 - “Striezelmarkt”圣诞市场。 它是德国最古老的圣诞市场,第一次出现在史书记载中是 1434 年,直到今天仍然是一片灯光、色彩和香味交融的欢乐海洋。 在这里,您可以尽情享用甜红葡萄酒、圣诞饼干和热栗子,感受触手可及的隆重氛围,当然也要品尝德累斯顿特产 - 圣诞蛋糕“Christstollen”,这里叫做“Striezel”。如果用一个词来形容它,那肯定是 - 举世闻名!

Highlights

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各国游客的其他看法

Stollenfest

The Christmas Stollen (fruit cake) of Dresden is famous all over the world. It was already baked in the 15th century, and in the 18th century the Stollenfest was born. In 1730 August II the Strong ordered the Bakers’ Guild of Dresden to make a giant 1.7-ton Stollen. In 2013 the giant Stollen was 4 tons heavy and was paraded in the traditional way on the back of a horse-drawn carriage through the city. At Striezelmarkt, one of the most beautiful Christmas markets of Germany, the giant Stollen gets sold for a good cause. This year it took 2,5h hours and the whole Stollen was gone. For sure you can also buy smaller Stollen at Striezelmarkt and everywhere else in Dresden during Christmas time. The Stollenfest always takes place on the Saturday before the second Sunday in Advent. A fun event to get into Christmas mood!

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yvonne@justtravelous.com

Eierschecke

Eierschecke: A Sweet Saxon Dessert

Eierschecke is the Saxon interpretation of cheesecake. It often comes with an apple topping. In the 14th century “Schecke” was a piece of clothing that men would wear, much like a long robe with a tight waist. The waist would divide the robe into three pieces (top, waist, lower skirt) much like the dessert, which consist of three different layers. You can get them at all the bakeries so make sure you plan for a coffee & cake break while visiting!

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Erich Kästner Museum

Exploring the Life of the German Author Erich Kästner

Remember Lindsay Lohan in the role of a young girl finding out about her twin sister in the 1996 movie “The Parent Trap”? One of the many movies that's based on one of Erich Kästner's great writing. The author was born in Königsbrücker Straße, not far from the place that now houses the Erich Kästner mirco museum – not your everyday museum. Much like in a traversable treasure chest you can walk through the museum and open draws that will reveal bits and pieces of Kästner's life and work. The deeper you dig through photos, letters, old theater programs and books, the more you'll want to read!

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Dresden Hygiene Museum

Explore The Human Body in Dresden

If you're into biology and like watching documentaries on the human body this is a must see when you're in town! The Hygiene Museum Dresden is one big adventure to explore the human body. The permanent exhibition displays a large part of the museum's extensive collection, which is made accessible to all ages with the help of media units and interactive elements throughout the museum. The museum itself dates back to the early 20th century. It was first opened by a local businessman and manufacturer of hygiene products. The museum was also the first museum to host the International Hygiene Exhibition in 1911. Since 1930, the best known object is probably the “Transparent Man” - a life-size human skeleton with artificial internal organs as well as arteries and venes. The “Gläserne Mensch” (literally: glass human) has also become a symbol for the museum itself.

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Frauenkirche - Church of Our Lady

Frauenkirche - Church of Our Lady

The Frauenkirche is actually a relatively new sight – at least for for Dresden locals. The Lutheran church vanished from Dresden's skyline in the devastating bombings of the city during World War II in 1945. The ruins where then kept as an anti-war memorial and restoration didn't starting until after the reunification of Germany in 1989. 60 years later in 2005 it was finally reopened. The costly reconstruction of the dome was financed with donations. One very large donation came from Günter Blobel, an American with German roots. He had seen the Church of Our Lady just before the city was bombed and took an interested in restoring the city. In 1999 Blobel won the Nobel Prize for medicine and donated the entire amount of his winning money towards the rebuilding of the Frauenkirche and other restoration works in Dresden. If look at the church from the outside you'll spot some dark stones in the walls – those are the original stones.

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Semperoper

Semper Opera

The Dresden Opera House, more commonly known as the Semperoper, is only a short walk from the famous Zwinger complex in Dresden. It's another prime example of baroque architecture and amazes millions of visitors even just from the outside. If you want to see it from the inside you can either go on a tour or if you have the time and an interest in Opera get some tickets for one of the shows at night. If you look at the main entrance from the front side you'll find two huge statues. One is of the famous writer Friedrich Schiller (right hand side) and the other one depicts Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Both of them where part of the Weimar Classicism, a cultural and literary movement in Germany in the 18th century. If you walk around the building you can spot some more statues of famous thinkers and artists such as Shakespeare, Moliere as well as Roman and Greek gods.

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Zwinger Palace

Zwinger Palace

The Dresden Zwinger is one of Germany's best known and most magnificent baroque buildings. It was commissioned to Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann by Augustus the Strong in 1710. He demanded the architect to include an Orangery for growing oranges, which in those days where called golden apples. As the name already suggests, golden apples where a symbol of power and influence and thought to bring good fortune. Most likely the reason why August the Strong had his people plant over a thousand plants. Today the Zwinger accommodates several museums and stages for music and theater shows. Even if you don't go inside the museum make sure you check it out from the outside and you'll see what Goethe meant when he described it: “I entered this sanctum, and my sense of amazement transcended every conception that I had ever previously had."

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com