Drezdenas

Drezdenas – stebuklas prie Elbės

Vargu ar buvo pasielgta visiškai teisingai skirstant žemės meno lobyną Vokietijos miestams. Nes bėgant šimtmečiams Drezdene jų susikaupė tiek daug, kad lankytojai teišgali stebėtis reikšmingų kultūros vertybių prašmatnumu ir turtingumu. O kad Drezdeno gyventojai pasirūpino, jog visa tai suptų pasakiško grožio upės kraštovaizdis, tai nuostabą gana greitai pakeičia tikras susižavėjimas.

Bendras architektūros ir kraštovaizdžio meno kūrinys
Drezdenas, Saksonijos laisvosios valstybės sostinė, savo lankytojus visada užburia nepaprastu tradicijų ir šiuolaikiškumo deriniu. Vaikštant po pasakiško grožio centrinę miesto dalį, kurioje yra Saksonijos kurfiurstų ir karalių rezidencija, pačiame jos viduryje atsiskleidžia nepakartojamas miesto, kuris ne be reikalo vadinamas Elbės Florencija, žavesys.

Kairiajame krante, patrauklaus upės vingio viršuje, yra Drezdeno centras, puošiamas nuostabių renesanso, baroko ir klasicizmo epochų pastatų. Pažvelgus iš kito kranto arba nuo vieno iš Elbės tiltų tampa aišku: tai pasaulinio lygio kultūros miestas.

Nepaisant to, kad Antrajame Pasauliniame kare miestas buvo smarkiai sugriautas, senamiestis išsaugojo arba atgavo savo gražiausius ansamblius. Šv. Dievo Motinos bažnyčia (Frauenkirche), Cvingerio rūmai (Zwinger), Semperio opera (Semperoper), Elbės pilys arba Helerau miestas–sodas (Hellerauer Gartenstadt) – Drezdenas žavi, kur bepažvelgtum. Dabartis, prisiliesdama prie šio didingo paveldo, taip pat sukuria įdomius akcentus, pavyzdžiui, Naująją sinagogą, UFA Krištolo rūmus (UFA-Kristallpalast) arba Pagrindinę geležinkelio stotį (Hauptbahnhof), ant kurios istorinės geležies konstrukcijos architektūros žvaigždė seras Normanas Fosteris nurodė užtempti šviesai laidų teflono apvalkalą. Peteris Kulka suprojektavo permatomą stogą Rezidencijos pilies (Residenzschloss) mažajam kiemui, o Danielis Libeskindas sukūrė projektą Karo istorijos muziejui (Militärhistorisches Museum) išplėsti ir rekonstruoti.

Malonumas akims ir ausims: pasaulinio garso muziejai ir orkestrai
Kurfiurstas Augustas Stiprusis (August der Starke) ir jo paveldėtojai dėl polinkio į meną ir su aistra steigė nepakartojamus muziejus, pavyzdžiui, „Grüne Gewölbe“, „Türckische Cammer“ arba Senųjų meistrų kūrinių galeriją (Gemäldegalerie Alter Meister) – vien ji yra garsi visame pasaulyje dėl Rafaelio „Siksto madonos“. Iš viso 44 muziejai, 56 galerijos ir 36 scenos pamalonina kiekvieno pojūčius ir teikia intelektinį pasitenkinimą. Visiškai nauja ekspozicija laukia vėl atidarytame „Albertinum“ muziejuje, kuriame yra Naujųjų meistrų galerija (Galerie Neue Meister) ir Skulptūrų kolekcija (Skulpturensammlung).

Drezdenas visame pasaulyje garsus – ir, beje, jau maždaug 700 metų – ir kaip muzikos miestas. Semperio opera, „Staats­kapelle“ opera, Filharmonija ir Šv. Kryžiaus bažnyčios choras „Kreuzchor“ žavi savo muzikantais; įdomūs festivaliai, jaudinantys teatro ir šokio spektakliai bei geriausi renginiai, vykstantys ištisus metus, yra puiki priežastis aplankyti šį miestą.

Atraskite kitą Drezdeno pusę: gamta ir malonumai
Iškylos gamtoje su vaizdu į pilį ir Katedrą, istoriniai garlaiviai, kuriuose skamba diksilendo muzika, pilys, iškilę virš miesto, alaus sodai kvepiančiose pievose – ir be didžiosios kultūros Drezdenas gali pasiūlyti puikių pramogų. Elbė, laisvai vagodama pievas, 23 kilometrus teka per miestą. Tiesiai per pievas veda Elbės dviračių takas (Elberadweg), ir pakaks valandos nuo Senamiesčio nukakti iki Pilnico pilies (Schloss Pillnitz), pakeliui pravažiuojant vynuogynus ir dailius senus kaimelius. Be to, upės kraštovaizdis yra ideali aplinka daugeliui renginių lauke, pavyzdžiui, naktiniai kino seansai „Filmnächte am Elbufer“, festivalis „Elbhangfest“ ir koncertai romantiškuose Elbės pilių parkuose.

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What travellers from around the world are saying

Stollenfest

The Christmas Stollen (fruit cake) of Dresden is famous all over the world. It was already baked in the 15th century, and in the 18th century the Stollenfest was born. In 1730 August II the Strong ordered the Bakers’ Guild of Dresden to make a giant 1.7-ton Stollen. In 2013 the giant Stollen was 4 tons heavy and was paraded in the traditional way on the back of a horse-drawn carriage through the city. At Striezelmarkt, one of the most beautiful Christmas markets of Germany, the giant Stollen gets sold for a good cause. This year it took 2,5h hours and the whole Stollen was gone. For sure you can also buy smaller Stollen at Striezelmarkt and everywhere else in Dresden during Christmas time. The Stollenfest always takes place on the Saturday before the second Sunday in Advent. A fun event to get into Christmas mood!

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yvonne@justtravelous.com

Eierschecke

Eierschecke: A Sweet Saxon Dessert

Eierschecke is the Saxon interpretation of cheesecake. It often comes with an apple topping. In the 14th century “Schecke” was a piece of clothing that men would wear, much like a long robe with a tight waist. The waist would divide the robe into three pieces (top, waist, lower skirt) much like the dessert, which consist of three different layers. You can get them at all the bakeries so make sure you plan for a coffee & cake break while visiting!

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Erich Kästner Museum

Exploring the Life of the German Author Erich Kästner

Remember Lindsay Lohan in the role of a young girl finding out about her twin sister in the 1996 movie “The Parent Trap”? One of the many movies that's based on one of Erich Kästner's great writing. The author was born in Königsbrücker Straße, not far from the place that now houses the Erich Kästner mirco museum – not your everyday museum. Much like in a traversable treasure chest you can walk through the museum and open draws that will reveal bits and pieces of Kästner's life and work. The deeper you dig through photos, letters, old theater programs and books, the more you'll want to read!

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Dresden Hygiene Museum

Explore The Human Body in Dresden

If you're into biology and like watching documentaries on the human body this is a must see when you're in town! The Hygiene Museum Dresden is one big adventure to explore the human body. The permanent exhibition displays a large part of the museum's extensive collection, which is made accessible to all ages with the help of media units and interactive elements throughout the museum. The museum itself dates back to the early 20th century. It was first opened by a local businessman and manufacturer of hygiene products. The museum was also the first museum to host the International Hygiene Exhibition in 1911. Since 1930, the best known object is probably the “Transparent Man” - a life-size human skeleton with artificial internal organs as well as arteries and venes. The “Gläserne Mensch” (literally: glass human) has also become a symbol for the museum itself.

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Frauenkirche - Church of Our Lady

Frauenkirche - Church of Our Lady

The Frauenkirche is actually a relatively new sight – at least for for Dresden locals. The Lutheran church vanished from Dresden's skyline in the devastating bombings of the city during World War II in 1945. The ruins where then kept as an anti-war memorial and restoration didn't starting until after the reunification of Germany in 1989. 60 years later in 2005 it was finally reopened. The costly reconstruction of the dome was financed with donations. One very large donation came from Günter Blobel, an American with German roots. He had seen the Church of Our Lady just before the city was bombed and took an interested in restoring the city. In 1999 Blobel won the Nobel Prize for medicine and donated the entire amount of his winning money towards the rebuilding of the Frauenkirche and other restoration works in Dresden. If look at the church from the outside you'll spot some dark stones in the walls – those are the original stones.

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Semperoper

Semper Opera

The Dresden Opera House, more commonly known as the Semperoper, is only a short walk from the famous Zwinger complex in Dresden. It's another prime example of baroque architecture and amazes millions of visitors even just from the outside. If you want to see it from the inside you can either go on a tour or if you have the time and an interest in Opera get some tickets for one of the shows at night. If you look at the main entrance from the front side you'll find two huge statues. One is of the famous writer Friedrich Schiller (right hand side) and the other one depicts Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Both of them where part of the Weimar Classicism, a cultural and literary movement in Germany in the 18th century. If you walk around the building you can spot some more statues of famous thinkers and artists such as Shakespeare, Moliere as well as Roman and Greek gods.

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Zwinger Palace

Zwinger Palace

The Dresden Zwinger is one of Germany's best known and most magnificent baroque buildings. It was commissioned to Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann by Augustus the Strong in 1710. He demanded the architect to include an Orangery for growing oranges, which in those days where called golden apples. As the name already suggests, golden apples where a symbol of power and influence and thought to bring good fortune. Most likely the reason why August the Strong had his people plant over a thousand plants. Today the Zwinger accommodates several museums and stages for music and theater shows. Even if you don't go inside the museum make sure you check it out from the outside and you'll see what Goethe meant when he described it: “I entered this sanctum, and my sense of amazement transcended every conception that I had ever previously had."

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com