Meissen

Meissen: a beleza sempre presente

A beleza perfeita de uma figura de porcelana – esse é o retrato de Meissen. De fato, a cidade é famosa no mundo inteiro pela porcelana de Meissen, que leva a marca com as espadas azuis cruzadas. Mas quem visita a cidade, que tem mais de 1.000 anos, não vai encontrar só porcelana da mais nobre qualidade, mas também um lugar com um brilho especial.

É raro o visitante que não queira conhecer a fábrica estatal de porcelana, a "Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen". Desde o século XIII, a porcelana já era importada a preços altos da China, mas foi só no início do século XVIII que pesquisadores desvendaram os mistérios de sua fabricação, por ordem do rei da Saxônia, um grande admirador e colecionador dessas delicadas preciosidades reluzentes.

Fábrica estatal de porcelana em Meissen: fama mundial há mais de 300 anos

Pouco depois, foi fundada a fábrica de porcelana de Meissen no castelo de Albrechtsburg. Ali ela permaneceu por mais de 150 anos, até ser transferida para as novas instalações de produção, em Meissen-Triebischtal. Mesmo assim, o castelo de Albrechtsburg, em estilo gótico tardio, continua sendo uma atração que vale a pena ver: uma visão imponente sobre o Elba, ele é considerado o primeiro castelo a ser construído na Alemanha e abriga alguns belos museus e coleções, entre elas, é claro, também sobre a grande paixão da cidade: a porcelana. É maravilhoso também o conjunto de sinos de porcelana na torre da igreja gótica Frauenkirche, cujo som encanta os ouvintes desde 1929. E na igreja Nikolaikirche encontram-se as maiores figuras já produzidas em porcelana de Meissen. Outra tradição de Meissen, embora menos famosa, é a fundição de estanho: a fundição, criada em 1792, é a mais antiga da Saxônia ainda operando e também um belo museu, que preserva a lembrança dessa arte admirável e quase esquecida.

Grandes festas e a menor região vinícolada Alemanha.

Ao contrário das figuras de porcelana e estanho, a catedral gótica de Meissen pode ser vista de longe. Suas torres desiguais exercem um fascínio especial: as torres ocidentais foram completadas somente entre 1904 e 1908, enquanto a torre oriental ao sul data do século XIV / XV. A estação de festas também atrai visitantes durante quase todo o ano para Meissen: o festival de piano "Pianoforte-Festspiele" e a maratona musical "Meissner MusikMarathon", a feira de cerâmica e a festa de Natal de Meissen são algumas das datas fixas no calendário. Entre elas não poderia faltar também a tradicional festa do vinho de Meissen, em setembro: a menor região vinícola da Alemanha produz vinhos inconfundíveis, considerados de alta qualidade pelos conhecedores – e isso merece ser comemorado. Uma especialidade é o Goldriesling, uma uva original da Alsácia que hoje só é cultivada na região de Meissen. Ao longo de toda a Rota do Vinho da Saxônia, mas principalmente em Meissen, diversas adegas aconchegantes e simpáticas recebem visitantes durante o ano inteiro, enquanto, no verão, pequenos produtores abrem as portas de suas dependências privadas e convidam a tomar um bom vinho nas chamadas "Besenwirtschaften" – excepcionalmente, sem nenhuma porcelana.

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