Drezden

Drezden: Drugo ime za kulturu.

Kultura se može interpretirati i definisati na potpuno različite načine. Međutim, može se i jednostavno reći: Drezden. Mnoštvo i raskoš izvrsnih kulturnih dobara su toliko impozantni da posetioce ostavljaju bez daha. A pošto su građani Drezdena sve to uklopili u predivan rečni krajolik, divljenje će se brzo pretvoriti u oduševljenje.

Ne bi se trebalo „rasipati” atributom „svetski poznato”. Međutim, taj atribut je u Drezdenu potpuno na mestu. To ne važi samo za „veliku trojku“, Cvinger, Zemper operu i Frauenkirhe, već i za Brilsku terasu i Rezidencijalni dvorac, dvorce na Elbi na padini u Lošvicu, za vile u delu grada Blazevic, kao i deo grada Helrau sa mnoštvom bašti i, naravno, za dvanaest muzeja u okviru državnih umetničkih zbirki. To se naročito odnosi i na položaj centra grada na levoj obali Elbe, na prelepom rečnom zavoju.

Građevina, „najpoznatija na svetu”, zasigurno je Cvinger, kome se posetioci naširoko dive kao vrhuncu barokne arhitekture. Frauenkirhe, koja se u svom sjaju ponovo izdigla iz ruševina, možda je najznačajnija crkva protestantizma, a stamena Saksonska državna opera u stilu italijanske renesanse, nazvana po svom graditelju - Zemper opera, bez sumnje predstavlja jedno od najlepših muzičkih pozorišta u svetu. Sa kompleksa parkova, smeštenom na Brilskoj terasi, na „balkonu Evrope“, pruža se veličanstven pogled na Novi grad sa preke strane, koji je okružen reprezentativnim građevinama, kao što su Umetnička akademija i Albertinum sa galerijom Novih majstora i zbirkom skulptura, čime predstavlja još jedan kulturni centar grada. Isto tako, i grandiozni muzeji kao što je Grünes Gewölbe (Zeleni svod) u Rezidencijalnom dvorcu - najveća riznica na svetu, Türckische Cammer (Turska soba) ili galerija slika Starih majstora sa Rafaelovom Sikstinskom Madonom, obogaćuju kulturni doživljaj na nenadmašiv način.

Drezden je čuven - i to već skoro 700 godina - po svojoj muzici. Ne samo opera, već i državna kapela, filharmonija i Krojchor oduševljavaju svojim orkestrima i ansamblima. Međunarodni festivali, uzbudljive pozorišne i plesne produkcije i vrhunski događaji, kao što je bal u Zemper operi, nalaze se na repertoaru tokom čitave godine. Deo kulturne ponude u Drezdenu je i džez: Međunarodni diksilend festival je najveći evropski oldtajm džez festival. Tradicionalni centralni događaji tokom festivala su Riverboat Shuffle, džez promenada duž Praške ulice i Diksilend parada kroz Stari grad. Događaji na otvorenom, kao što su filmske noći na obali Elbe, Elbhangfest i koncerti u romantičnim parkovima dvoraca na Elbi upotpunjuju festivalski kalendar.

Da Drezden nije okrenut samo tradicionalnom, dokazuju i moderna arhitektonska remek-dela. Istaknuti primeri su, npr. Nova sinagoga ili dekonstruktivistička UFA Kristalna palata, delo slavne grupe austrijskih arhitekata Coop Himmelb(l)au. Vredna pažnje je i Glavna železnička stanica, čiju je istorijsku gvozdenu konstrukciju arhitekta Norman Foster presvukao prozirnom teflonskom membranom, te Vojno-istorijski muzej. Ovaj muzej je nedavno proširen i transformisan smelim projektom Danijela Libeskinda. Svojevremeno je hrabar potez bila i izgradnja „Plavog čuda“, prvog mosta bez stubova u vodi u Evropi, koji predstavlja remek-delo inženjerske tehnike, a istovremeno je i mesto sa sjajnim pogledom.

Ukoliko nekad Drezden posetite u decembru, očekuje vas još jedan kulturni događaj: Štricelmarkt. Ovaj najstariji božićni vašar u Nemačkoj po prvi put se pominje u spisima 1434. godine i do danas predstavlja praznik svetala, boja i mirisa. Uživajte u uzvišenoj atmosferi kuvanog vina, božićnih peciva i vrućih badema - i upoznajte dreznedenski specijalitet „kristrolen”, koji ovde nazivaju i „štricel”, a koji se može na pravi način opisati samo pridevom „svetski poznat”.

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What travellers from around the world are saying

Stollenfest

The Christmas Stollen (fruit cake) of Dresden is famous all over the world. It was already baked in the 15th century, and in the 18th century the Stollenfest was born. In 1730 August II the Strong ordered the Bakers’ Guild of Dresden to make a giant 1.7-ton Stollen. In 2013 the giant Stollen was 4 tons heavy and was paraded in the traditional way on the back of a horse-drawn carriage through the city. At Striezelmarkt, one of the most beautiful Christmas markets of Germany, the giant Stollen gets sold for a good cause. This year it took 2,5h hours and the whole Stollen was gone. For sure you can also buy smaller Stollen at Striezelmarkt and everywhere else in Dresden during Christmas time. The Stollenfest always takes place on the Saturday before the second Sunday in Advent. A fun event to get into Christmas mood!

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yvonne@justtravelous.com

Eierschecke

Eierschecke: A Sweet Saxon Dessert

Eierschecke is the Saxon interpretation of cheesecake. It often comes with an apple topping. In the 14th century “Schecke” was a piece of clothing that men would wear, much like a long robe with a tight waist. The waist would divide the robe into three pieces (top, waist, lower skirt) much like the dessert, which consist of three different layers. You can get them at all the bakeries so make sure you plan for a coffee & cake break while visiting!

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Erich Kästner Museum

Exploring the Life of the German Author Erich Kästner

Remember Lindsay Lohan in the role of a young girl finding out about her twin sister in the 1996 movie “The Parent Trap”? One of the many movies that's based on one of Erich Kästner's great writing. The author was born in Königsbrücker Straße, not far from the place that now houses the Erich Kästner mirco museum – not your everyday museum. Much like in a traversable treasure chest you can walk through the museum and open draws that will reveal bits and pieces of Kästner's life and work. The deeper you dig through photos, letters, old theater programs and books, the more you'll want to read!

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Dresden Hygiene Museum

Explore The Human Body in Dresden

If you're into biology and like watching documentaries on the human body this is a must see when you're in town! The Hygiene Museum Dresden is one big adventure to explore the human body. The permanent exhibition displays a large part of the museum's extensive collection, which is made accessible to all ages with the help of media units and interactive elements throughout the museum. The museum itself dates back to the early 20th century. It was first opened by a local businessman and manufacturer of hygiene products. The museum was also the first museum to host the International Hygiene Exhibition in 1911. Since 1930, the best known object is probably the “Transparent Man” - a life-size human skeleton with artificial internal organs as well as arteries and venes. The “Gläserne Mensch” (literally: glass human) has also become a symbol for the museum itself.

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Frauenkirche - Church of Our Lady

Frauenkirche - Church of Our Lady

The Frauenkirche is actually a relatively new sight – at least for for Dresden locals. The Lutheran church vanished from Dresden's skyline in the devastating bombings of the city during World War II in 1945. The ruins where then kept as an anti-war memorial and restoration didn't starting until after the reunification of Germany in 1989. 60 years later in 2005 it was finally reopened. The costly reconstruction of the dome was financed with donations. One very large donation came from Günter Blobel, an American with German roots. He had seen the Church of Our Lady just before the city was bombed and took an interested in restoring the city. In 1999 Blobel won the Nobel Prize for medicine and donated the entire amount of his winning money towards the rebuilding of the Frauenkirche and other restoration works in Dresden. If look at the church from the outside you'll spot some dark stones in the walls – those are the original stones.

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Semperoper

Semper Opera

The Dresden Opera House, more commonly known as the Semperoper, is only a short walk from the famous Zwinger complex in Dresden. It's another prime example of baroque architecture and amazes millions of visitors even just from the outside. If you want to see it from the inside you can either go on a tour or if you have the time and an interest in Opera get some tickets for one of the shows at night. If you look at the main entrance from the front side you'll find two huge statues. One is of the famous writer Friedrich Schiller (right hand side) and the other one depicts Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Both of them where part of the Weimar Classicism, a cultural and literary movement in Germany in the 18th century. If you walk around the building you can spot some more statues of famous thinkers and artists such as Shakespeare, Moliere as well as Roman and Greek gods.

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com

Zwinger Palace

Zwinger Palace

The Dresden Zwinger is one of Germany's best known and most magnificent baroque buildings. It was commissioned to Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann by Augustus the Strong in 1710. He demanded the architect to include an Orangery for growing oranges, which in those days where called golden apples. As the name already suggests, golden apples where a symbol of power and influence and thought to bring good fortune. Most likely the reason why August the Strong had his people plant over a thousand plants. Today the Zwinger accommodates several museums and stages for music and theater shows. Even if you don't go inside the museum make sure you check it out from the outside and you'll see what Goethe meant when he described it: “I entered this sanctum, and my sense of amazement transcended every conception that I had ever previously had."

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lea@reiseblogger-kollektiv.com