Throughout the millennia, even when the world was still gripped in the bitter cold of the Ice Age, people have always loved art. Visitors can still find traces of humanity's oldest figurative art works and musical instruments inside cool caves in the Swabian Alb region. The oldest known flute, made from animal bones, was found here.
Home to 51 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Germany ranks among the countries with the highest density of natural and cultural treasures. You can explore this diverse world heritage at your leisure along eight routes. Each route starts and ends close to an international airport, allowing easy access. All of the sites are of great importance for humanity, by virtue of their unique nature, authenticity and integrity, and are subject to special protection. Vibrant cities and breath-taking natural landscapes are also waiting to be discovered alongside these World Heritage treasures.
The caves of the Swabian Alb can be explored along the route "Between Swabian Alb, Lake Constance and the Alps", leading to the incredibly romantic monastic island of Reichenau in the middle of the crystal-clear waters of Lake Constance and nine prehistoric pile dwellings.
On the trail of Germany's world cultural heritage
Step outside the main train station and gaze up in awe at the magnificent Cologne Cathedral. The sight of the intricately decorated exterior walls and vertiginous spires of the centuries-old cathedral is enough to give you goose bumps. Experience for yourself the fascination of the testimonials bequeathed to us by people and nature. A voyage of discovery through Germany's cultural and natural heritage offers a wealth of diversity. Why not take a trip to one of the most majestic structures of the modern age? The Zollverein Coal Mine Complex in Essen was once the world's largest and most advanced coal conveyor system and is still regarded as the "most beautiful coal mine in the world". The World Heritage Site is now also an architectural and industrial monument and a major cultural attraction in the Ruhr region.
The UNESCO World Heritage Centre of Germany has lots to offer and we have summarised this diverse selection into seven categories for you. Discover your own personal World Heritage treasures in Germany.
51 unique destinations
Are you looking for cultural and natural masterpieces? Then Germany is your ideal destination! If you are interested in magnificent cityscapes, take a trip to the venerable Hanseatic City of Lübeck. Stroll through the medieval old town, located on an island, with its distinctive silhouette, surrounded by ramparts and streams. Or perhaps you would prefer to explore some amazing natural landscapes? In that case, head to the Wadden Sea on Germany's North Sea coast and enjoy an exhilarating hike over the mudflats. These are just some of the highlights from the diverse wealth on offer in the UNESCO World Heritage Centre of Germany. Explore everything ranging from medieval castles to spectacular industrial buildings, magnificent natural landscapes and historic old towns. At the end we present once again within the picture gallery the representative of the seven thematic areas.